Skip to main content

Table 2 Bivariate and Multivariate regression analysis of factors associated with retention in HIV care of youths aged 15–24 years (N = 102)

From: Retention in HIV care and associated factors among youths aged 15–24 years in rural southwestern Uganda

Characteristics Categories Retention in HIV care Crude Odds Ratio (95% CI) P value Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) P value
Yes n (%) No n (%)
Age (years) 15–19 years 18 (69.2) 8 (30.8) ref   ref  
20–24 years 49 (64.5) 27 (35.5) 0.81 (0.31,2.10) 0.66 1.78 (0.47,6.80) 0.40
Sex Female 47 (59.5) 32 (40.5) ref   ref  
Male 20 (87.0) 3 (13.0) 4.54(1.24,16.55) 0.02 5.52 (1.28,23.82) 0.02
Marital status Unmarried 39 (60.0) 26 (40.0) ref   ref  
Married 28 (75.7) 9 (24.3) 2.07 (0.84,5.10) 0.11 3.97 (1.42,11.13) 0.01
Level of Education None 11 (64.7) 6 (35.3) ref    
Primary 47 (66.2) 24 (33.8) 1.07(0.35,3.24) 0.91   
Secondary 9 (64.3) 5 (35.7) 0.98(0.22,4.30) 0.98   
Perinatally acquired HIV No 50 (60.2) 33 (39.8) ref   ref  
Yes 17 (89.5) 2 (10.5) 5.61(1.22,25.89) 0.03 7.23 (1.16,45.07) 0.03
Personalized stigma Mild/Moderate 30(60.0) 20 (40.0) ref    
Severe 37(71.2) 15 (28.8) 1.64 (0.72,3.75) 0.24   
HIV status disclosure No 9 (52.9) 8 (47.1) ref   ref  
Yes 58 (68.2) 27 (31.8) 1.91(0.66,5.49) 0.23 2.06 (0.64,6.66) 0.22
Disclosure concerns Moderate 20(69.0) 9(31.0) ref    
Severe 47(64.4) 26(35.6) 0.81(0.32,2.04) 0.66   
Negative self-image Moderate 36(67.9) 17(32.1) ref    
Severe 31(63.3) 18(36.7) 0.81(0.36,1.84) 0.62   
Public attitudes Moderate 24(63.2) 14(36.8) ref    
Severe 43(67.2) 21(32.8) 1.19(0.52,2.77) 0.68