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Table 2 Association between traumatic events, mental disorders and PTSD

From: Prevalence and factors associated with PTSD among female urban slum dwellers in Ibadan, Nigeria: a cross-sectional study

Childhood trauma PTSD symptoms
n (%)
No PTSD symptoms
n (%)
P value
Sexual abuse
 None 15 (65.22) 486 (92.22) 0.000*
 Any sexual abuse 8 (34.78) 41 (7.78)  
Emotional abuse
 None 4 (17.39) 159 (30.17) 0.246a
 Any emotional abuse 19 (82.61) 368 (69.83)  
Physical abuse
 None 8 (34.78) 265 (50.28) 0.146
 Any physical abuse 15 (65.22) 262 (49.72)  
Recent Stressors (Items)
Suffered serious illness, injury or assault
 No 18 (78.26) 450 (85.39)  
 Yes 5 (21.74) 77 (14.61) 0.34
Serious illness, injury or assault happened to a close relative
No 21 (91.30) 492 (93.36)  
 Yes 2 (8.70) 35 (6.64) 0.66a
Parent, child or spouse died
No 20 (86.96) 469 (88.99)  
Yes 3 (13.04) 58 (11.01) 0.73a
A close family friend or another relative (aunt, cousin, grandparent) died
No 22 (95.65) 454 (86.15) 0.19a
Yes 1 (4.35) 73 (13.85)  
Recent stressors (Total)
 No stressors 14 (60.87) 375 (71.16)  
 Any stressors 9 (39.13) 152 (28.84) 0.28
Past year Intimate Partner Violence
 No 18 (78.26) 441 (83.68)  
 Yes 5 (21.74) 86 (16.32) 0.49
Depression
 No depression 22 (95.65) 524 (99.43) 0.15a
 Depression 1 (4.35) 3 (0.57)  
Anxiety
 No anxiety 16 (69.57) 496 (94.12) 0.00*
 Anxiety 7 (30.43) 31 (5.88)  
  1. aFishers exact *p < 0.05