Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparisons of latent classes of preventive behaviours

From: Non-adherence to preventive behaviours during the COVID-19 epidemic: findings from a community study

  Class 1 –
Full adherence
N = 2034
Class 2 – Partial adherence
N = 2519
Class 3 – Limited adherence
N = 509
Class 4 – Non-adherence
N = 174
F/χ2
Class indicator variables
 Avoidance of close contacts Mean (SD)
95% CI
4.84a 4.74b 3.62c 1.78d 7166.5***
(0.26) (0.28) (0.41) (0.59)
4.83–4.85 4.73–4.75 3.58–3.66 1.70–1.88
 Physical barrier Mean (SD)
95% CI
4.23a 1.60bc 1.70b 1.44c 5197.3***
(0.72) (0.68) (0.94) (0.90)
4.20–4.26 1.57–1.62 1.62–1.79 1.31–1.58
 Personal hygienic behaviours Mean (SD)
95% CI
4.51a 4.13b 3.34c 2.43d 923.4***
(0.47) (0.66) (0.82) (1.06)
4.49–4.53 4.10–4.15 3.27–3.41 2.27–2.5
 Preparation Mean (SD)
95% CI
3.66a 3.17b 2.77c 2.18d 205.6***
(0.97) (1.07) (1.09) (1.08)
3.61–3.70 3.13–3.21 2.68–2.87 2.02–2.34
Distal and proximal variables
 Age, Mean (SD) 57.07a 52.33b 49.88c 49.45bc 63.5***
(13.93) (14.08) (14.80) (16.60)
 Sex, females N (%) 1422a 1521b 221c 72c 163.3***
(69.9) (60.4) (43.4)c (41.1)
Education
 Less than high school N (%) 283a 285b 84a 26ab 18.7**
(13.9) (11.3) (16.5) (14.9)
 High school N (%) 933a 1124a 232a 77a
(45.9) (44.6) (45.6) (44.0)
 College or University N (%) 818a 1110b 193a 72ab
(40.2) (44.1) (37.9) (41.1)
Settlement
 Budapest N (%) 355 421 77 31 1.7
(17.5) (16.7) (15.1) (17.7)
Health beliefs
 Perceived susceptibility of severe condition Mean (SD) 2.88a 2.65b 2.67b 2.47b 20.1***
(1.17) (1.03) (1.03) (1.16)
 Perceived susceptibility of asymptomatic or mild condition Mean (SD) 3.22a 3.37b 3.38b 3.20a 11.9***
(0.98) (0.89) (0.89) (1.14)
 Perceived severity Mean (SD) 4.10a 3.70b 3.53c 3.24d 142.6***
(0.77) (0.83) (0.86) (1.15)
Cues to action
 Having vulnerable family members in the household. N (%) 1295a 1421b 301b 96b 68.2***
(79.3%) (67.3) (71.5) (67.1)
 Having a chronic disease N (%) 816a 763b 149b 56b 56.6***
(40.9) (30.7) (30.1) (32.4)
Concurrent validation: Behavioural indicators during the past 7 days
 Number of days left home for work Mean (SD) 2.49a 3.04b 3.53c 3.34b 37.1***
(2.23) (2.41) (2.63) (2.70)
 Number of days left home for shopping, pharmacy Mean (SD) 2.65a 3.13b 3.74c 3.60b 66.6***
(1.61) (1.77) (2.11) (2.51)
 Number of days left home for other reasons 1.58a 1.90b 2.30c 2.37c 37.6***
(1.41) (1.70) (1.95) (2.21)
  1. Note: Games-Howell post hoc test was used for pairwise comparisons of means. Proportions are compared with z-test. *: p < 0.05; ***: p < 0.001. CI confidence interval. Values in the same row not sharing the same subscript are significantly different at p < 0.05. Analyses are performed with the unweighted dataset