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Table 4 The COM-B components, linked intervention functions, most frequently used behaviour change techniques, and technique definitions, followed by the countries identified in the regression analyses for handwashing

From: A cross-sectional survey assessing the influence of theoretically informed behavioural factors on hand hygiene across seven countries during the COVID-19 pandemic

COM-B Component(s) Relevant Countries from regression analysis Potential Intervention Functions Most frequently used Behaviour Change Techniques
Capability Australia, India, Indonesia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, and UK Education Information about social and environmental consequences, Information about health consequences, Feedback on behaviour, Feedback on outcome(s) of the behaviour, Prompts/cues, Self-monitoring of behaviour
   Training Demonstration of the behaviour, Instruction on how to perform a behaviour, Feedback on the behaviour, Feedback on outcome(s) of behaviour, Self-monitoring of behaviour, Behavioural practice/rehearsal,
   Enablement Social support (unspecified), Social support (practical), Goal setting (behaviour), Goal setting (outcome), Adding objects to the environment, Problem solving, Action planning, Self-monitoring of behaviour, Restructuring the physical environment, Review of behaviour goal(s), Review outcome goal(s)
Opportunity India, and Saudi Arabia Training Demonstration of the behaviour, Instruction on how to perform a behaviour, Feedback on the behaviour, Feedback on outcome(s) of behaviour, Self-monitoring of behaviour, Behavioural practice/rehearsal,
   Enablement Social support (unspecified), Social support (practical), Goal setting (behaviour), Goal setting (outcome), Adding objects to the environment, Problem solving, Action planning, Self-monitoring of behaviour, Restructuring the physical environment, Review of behaviour goal(s), Review outcome goal(s)
   Environmental restructuring Adding objects to the environment, Prompts/cues, Restructuring the physical environment
   Modelling Demonstration of the behaviour
Motivation Saudi Arabia, and UK Education Information about social and environmental consequences, Information about health consequences, Feedback on behaviour, Feedback on outcome(s) of the behaviour, Prompts/cues, Self-monitoring of behaviour
   Training Demonstration of the behaviour, Instruction on how to perform a behaviour, Feedback on the behaviour, Feedback on outcome(s) of behaviour, Self-monitoring of behaviour, Behavioural practice/rehearsal,
   Enablement Social support (unspecified), Social support (practical), Goal setting (behaviour), Goal setting (outcome), Adding objects to the environment, Problem solving, Action planning, Self-monitoring of behaviour, Restructuring the physical environment, Review of behaviour goal(s), Review outcome goal(s)
   Environmental restructuring Adding objects to the environment, Prompts/cues, Restructuring the physical environment
   Modelling Demonstration of the behaviour
   Persuasion Credible source, Information about social and environmental consequences, Information about health consequences
   Incentivisation and Coercion Monitoring outcome of behaviour by others without evidence of feedback, Self-monitoring of behaviour
   Persuasion, Incentivisation, and Coercion Feedback on behaviour, Feedback on outcome(s) of behaviour