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Table 4 Estimates from linear regression models of the probability of being hypertensive among women aged 25-49, India NFHS 2015-16, by adolescence stage of childbirth, adolescent childbirth parity, adolescent pregnancy status, and child marriage

From: Hypertension in women: the role of adolescent childbearing

  All ages 25 to 29 30 to 34 35 to 39 40 to 44 45 to 49
Panel A       
Adolescence stage of childbirtha       
Early (Age≤15) 0.048*** 0.035*** 0.036*** 0.050*** 0.051*** 0.064***
  (0.041, 0.055) (0.022, 0.048) (0.023, 0.050) (0.035, 0.065) (0.034, 0.069) (0.043, 0.085)
Middle (Age16−17) 0.022*** 0.010** 0.022*** 0.017*** 0.019*** 0.034***
  (0.016, 0.027) (0.002, 0.019) (0.013, 0.032) (0.006, 0.028) (0.005, 0.032) (0.019, 0.050)
Late (Age18−19) 0.016*** 0 0.022*** 0.018*** 0.018*** 0.020***
  (0.012, 0.020) (-0.006, 0.006) (0.013, 0.030) (0.008, 0.028) (0.007, 0.030) (0.007, 0.033)
Observations 442,845 112,813 95,073 88,668 75,091 71,200
Panel B       
Adolescent childbirth parityb       
Single 0.017*** 0.003 0.022*** 0.019*** 0.016*** 0.026***
  (0.013, 0.021) (-0.003, 0.009) (0.014, 0.030) (0.009, 0.028) (0.005, 0.027) (0.014, 0.038)
Multiple 0.034*** 0.020*** 0.029*** 0.031*** 0.039*** 0.044***
  (0.029, 0.039) (0.011, 0.029) (0.019, 0.038) (0.020, 0.042) (0.026, 0.051) (0.029, 0.059)
Observations 442,845 112,813 95,073 88,668 75,091 71,200
Panel C       
Adolescent pregnancy statusc       
Adolescent childbirth 0.022*** 0.005* 0.023*** 0.023*** 0.023*** 0.032***
  (0.018, 0.026) (-0.000, 0.011) (0.016, 0.030) (0.015, 0.031) (0.013, 0.032) (0.021, 0.043)
Terminated pregnancy 0.009 -0.019** 0.016 0.026 0.028 -0.017
  (-0.008, 0.026) (-0.036, -0.001) (-0.018, 0.050) (-0.015, 0.068) (-0.029, 0.084) (-0.072, 0.038)
Both 0.045*** 0.033*** 0.041*** 0.033** 0.075*** 0.043**
  (0.032, 0.057) (0.010, 0.055) (0.020, 0.062) (0.005, 0.061) (0.035, 0.116) (0.000, 0.086)
Observations 442,722 112,792 95,039 88,640 75,070 71,181
Panel D       
Adolescent childbirth and       
child marriaged       
No marriage but childbirth 0.021*** 0.000 0.018** 0.036*** 0.029*** 0.027**
  (0.014, 0.028) (-0.011, 0.010) (0.003, 0.033) (0.018, 0.054) (0.009, 0.050) (0.004, 0.050)
Marriage but no childbirth 0.012*** 0.005 0.021*** 0.013** 0.009 0.014*
  (0.007, 0.018) (-0.003, 0.014) (0.011, 0.032) (0.001, 0.025) (-0.005, 0.024) (-0.002, 0.030)
Marriage and childbirth 0.026*** 0.010*** 0.030*** 0.022*** 0.028*** 0.037***
  (0.022, 0.030) (0.004, 0.016) (0.022, 0.037) (0.013, 0.032) (0.017, 0.039) (0.025, 0.050)
Observations 413,769 109,590 91,021 82,938 68,157 62,063
  1. p<0.01,p<0.05,p<0.1. 95% confidence intervals are in parenthesis.
  2. Estimates represent the added probability of being hypertensive. Estimates were obtained using linear probability models (LPM) with complex survey weights. All models control for the following (not shown): state fixed effects, nutritional status, wealth index quintile, education, marital status, current pregnancy status, religion, caste, lifetime parity, menopause, tobacco or alcohol use, oral contraceptive use, urban/rural residence, and age group (all-age specification only). aRelative to no birth in adolescence. bRelative to no birth in adolescence. cRelative to no pregnancy in adolescence. dRelative to no child marriage and no birth in adolescence