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Table 1 Respondent characteristics in the two waves of data collection

From: Perceptions of Covid-19 lockdowns and related public health measures in Austria: a longitudinal online survey

  Lockdown March/April
N = 560
Lockdown November/December
N = 134
Difference
N % N %  
Gender
 Female 416 74% 98 73% χ2(2, N = 694) = 1.24; p = .54
 Male 143 26% 35 26%
 Diverse 1 0% 1 1%
 Missing 0 0% 0 0%
Age (Mean, SD) 40.22 11.60 43.40 12.83 t(685) = −2.79; p < .01
 18–29 97 17% 20 15% χ2(3, N = 687) = 9.87; p = .02
 30–49 319 57% 63 47%
 50–64 124 22% 45 34%
 65–79 13 2% 6 4%
 Missing 7 1% 0 0%
Federal state
 Vienna 215 38% 62 46% χ2(1, N = 694) = 2.80; p = .09
 Other federal states 345 62% 72 54%
 Missing 0 0% 0 0%
Migration background
 No migration background 489 87% 118 88% χ2(1, N = 691) = 0.40; p = .53
 Migration background 66 12% 13 10%
 Missing 5 1% 3 2%
Education
 Primary education 13 2% 4 3% χ2(2, N = 694) = 3.97; p = .14
 Secondary education 245 44% 46 34%
 Higher education 302 54% 84 63%
 Missing 0 0% 0 0%
Employment status
 Housekeeping 28 5% 5 4% χ2(6, N = 694) = 3.49; p = .74
 Student 37 7% 8 6%
 Employed 410 73% 95 70%
 Self-employed 37 7% 9 7%
 Unemployed 16 3% 4 3%
 Retired 25 4% 11 8%
 Missing 7 1% 2 2%
Family status
 Single 204 36% 49 37% χ2(4, N = 694) = 0.28; p = .99
 Married or registered partnership 286 52% 69 51%
 Widowed 6 1% 1 1%
 Divorced 46 8% 10 8%
 Missing 18 3% 5 4%
Children
 Yes 311 56% 77 57% χ2(2, N = 694) = 1.07; p = .59
 No 245 44% 57 43%
 Missing 4 1% 0 0%
Direct Covid-19 experience 39 7% 8 6% χ2(1, N = 694) = 0.17; p = .68
 Tested positive for Covid-19 7 1% 3 2%  
 Experienced symptoms of Covid-19, not tested 32 6% 5 4%  
 Missing 0 0% 0 0%  
Indirect Covid-19 experiencea 110 20% 73 58% χ2(1, N = 694) = 67.58; p < .01
 Close friend tested positive for Covid-19 46 9% 50 40%  
 Family member tested positive for Covid-19 32 6% 32 25%  
 Knew someone who died of Covid-19 44 8% 25 20%  
 Missing 0 0% 0 0%  
Quarantine or self-isolation in the past monthsb      χ2(1, N = 694) = 8.61; p < .01
 Yes 23 4% 14 10%
 No 537 96% 120 90%
 Missing 0 0% 0 0%
  1. Note: aRespondents included in the “Direct Covid-19 experience” variable were excluded from this group;
  2. bIn the 1st Wave of data collection this question referred to the time from the beginning of the pandemic until time of data collection (May/June 2020); for the 2nd Wave of data collection, this question referred to the time since May 2020 until time of data collection (December 2020)