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Table 4 Relationship between Area Deprivation Index and Neighborhood Characteristics and the Number of Unhealthy Snack Food Units Sold on Average by Store per Weeka

From: Neighborhood disadvantage and the sales of unhealthy products: alcohol, tobacco and unhealthy snack food

Neighborhood Socio-Demographic Characteristics Coefficient P-value 95% Confidence Interval
ADI national percentileb 42.57 < 0.001 26.67 58.45
Percent of population that is African-American −5.52 0.19 −12.64 1.60
Percent population ages 0–17 62.73 0.02 23.28 102.18
Walk scorec −7.35 0.22 −17.61 2.92
Conditional R-squared = 0.64
  1. a Neighborhood is defined as the US Census Block Group for household income, percent of African-American households; US Census Tract for percent of households with no vehicle access and percent of households participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, a federal program that provides nutrition benefits to low income individuals and families (SNAP); and store address determined neighborhood Walk Score (
  2. b ADI is the Area Deprivation Index measured as a percentile of Census Block Groups throughout the US, where the 99th percentile being the highest level of neighborhood disadvantage
  3. c Walk Score ranged from 0 to 100 with 100 being the most walkable
  4. Note: analyses controlled for sales week (1–85) and population size; coefficients were not standardized