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Table 2 Relationship between Area Deprivation Index and Neighborhooda Characteristics and the Number of Tobacco Units Sold on Average by Store per Week

From: Neighborhood disadvantage and the sales of unhealthy products: alcohol, tobacco and unhealthy snack food

Neighborhood Socio-Demographic Characteristics Coefficient p-value 95% Confidence Level
ADI national percentileb 11.48 0.02 4.37 18.52
Percent of population that is Non-Hispanic African-American −6.16 0.01 −9.35 −2.98
Percent population ages 0–17 22.00 0.05 4.35 39.64
Walk scorec −6.18 0.03 −10.78 −1.59
Conditional R-squared = 0.85
  1. a Neighborhood is defined as the US Census Block Group for household income, percent of Non-Hispanic African-American households; US Census Tract for percent of households with no vehicle access and percent of households participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, a federal program that provides nutrition benefits to low income individuals and families (SNAP); and store address determined neighborhood Walk Score (
  2. b ADI is the Area Deprivation Index, measured as a percentile of Census Block Groups throughout the US, where the 99th percentile is the highest level of neighborhood disadvantage
  3. c Walk Score ranged from 0 to 100, with 100 being the most walkable
  4. Note: analyses were controlled for sales week (1–85) and population size; coefficients are not standardized