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Table 1 Overview of Study Variables

From: Demographics, politics, and health factors predict mask wearing during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study

Variable (Weight) Description Min. Max. M SD
Mask Wearing   .26 .99 .72 .13
Health behaviors (30%)
 Smokers (10%) Percent county adults who smoke. 5.91 41.49 17.47 3.61
 Obesity (5%) Percent county adults who are obese. 12.40 57.70 32.86 5.45
 Food environment (2%) USDA Food environment index (reverse scored) 0.00 10.00 2.55 1.15
 Inactive (2%) Percent county residents who are physically inactive. 9.50 49.90 27.37 5.70
 No Access (1%) Percent of county residents without access to physical activity. 0.00 100.00 62.81 23.37
 Excessive drinking (2.5%) Percent of county adults who binge or heavy drink. 7.81 28.62 17.51 3.15
 Alcohol driving (2.5%) Percent of driving deaths involving alcohol. 0.00 100.00 28.33 15.02
 STI (2.5%) Percent of residents with a sexually transmitted infection. 35.80 6120.30 401.07 283.02
 Teen births (2.5%) Number of births per 1000 females age 15–19. 2.00 103.00 29.89 14.21
Clinical Care (20%)
 Uninsured (5%) Percent of county residents under age 65 without health insurance. 2.26 33.75 11.48 5.14
 Primary care (3%) Ratio of county residents to primary care physicians. 3.67 46,784.00 2613.83 2386.57
 Dentists (1%) Ratio of county residents to dentists. 3.67 29,650.00 2887.22 2445.21
 Mental health (1%) Ratio of county residents to mental health providers. 3.67 24,265.00 1737.74 2357.78
 Preventable hospital (5%) Hospital stays for ambulatory sensitive conditions per 100,000 county residents who are Medicare enrollees. 536.00 16,851.00 4858.53 1841.55
 Flu (2.5%) Percent of Medicare enrollees who did not get a flu shot. 34.00 96.00 58.26 9.77
 Mammogram (2.5%) Percent of women age 65 to 74 who did not receive mammogram screening. 35.00 87.00 59.34 7.67
Social and Economic Factors (40%)
 High school (5%) Percent of county adults not graduating high school. 0.00 74.36 11.26 7.17
 Some college (5%) Percent of county residents age 25–44 without some college education 0.00 84.82 42.11 11.83
 Unemployed (10%) Percent county residents age 16 or older unemployed and seeking work. 1.30 19.90 4.13 1.50
 Child poverty (10%) Percent of county residents under age 18 living in poverty. 2.50 68.30 21.11 8.90
 Single parent (5%) Percent of children in the county who live in a house headed by a single parent. 0.00 87.00 32.36 10.65
 Violent crime (2.5%) Number of violent crime offenses per 100,000 county residents. 0.00 1819.51 251.91 192.51
 Injury (2.5%) Number of deaths due to injury per 100,000 county residents. 22.00 320.00 86.91 25.82
Physical environment (10%)
 Air pollution (2.5%) Average daily density of fine particle matter in PM2.5 3.00 19.70 9.02 1.97
 Water pollution (2.5%) Presence of water violations. 0.00 1.00 0.37 0.48
 Severe housing (2%) Percent of households that are either overcrowded, have high housing cost, lack a kitchen or lack plumbing. 3.22 70.89 13.87 4.58
 Drive alone (2%) Percent of county residents who drive alone to work. 5.00 96.00 79.64 7.68
 Long commute (1%) Percent of county residents who drive at least 30 min to work. 0.00 83.00 31.46 12.52
Controls
 65-plus Percent of county residents age 65 or older. 4.83 57.59 19.27 4.71
 Female Percent of county residents who are women. 26.84 56.87 49.89 2.28
 White Percent of county residents who are non-Hispanic White. 2.69 97.89 75.99 20.19
 Rural Percent of county residents who live in a rural area. 0.00 100.00 58.58 31.48
 Democrat Percent of county residents who voted Democrat in the 2016 election. 0.03 0.96 0.33 0.16