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Table 4 Association between demographic characteristics and diet and exercise

From: Prevalence and socio-demographic associations of diet and physical activity risk-factors for cardiovascular disease in Bo, Sierra Leone

  < 5Fruit and vegetables per day Salt table Salt cooking Salty snacks MVPA< 150MIN per week Physical inactivity ≥ 3 h per day
OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Location
 Rural Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent
 Urban 1.09 (1.04–1.15) 0.001 1.88 (1.82–1.94) < 0.001 0.41 (0.39–0.43) < 0.001 2.00 (1.94–2.07) < 0.001 1.16 (1.12–1.21) < 0.001 0.94 (0.91–0.97) < 0.001
Sex
 Female Referent   Referent   Referent   Referent   Referent   Referent  
 Male 0.78 (0.74–0.82) < 0.001 1.23 (1.20–1.27) < 0.001 0.89 (0.84–0.94) < 0.001 1.35 (1.31–1.40) < 0.001 0.63 (0.61–0.66) < 0.001 0.90 (0.87–0.93) < 0.001
Age Group
 40–49 Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent
 50–59 1.06 (1.01–1.12) 0.029 1.21 (1.17–1.25) < 0.001 0.81 (0.77–0.86) < 0.001 1.24 (1.20–1.29) < 0.001 1.94 (1.85–2.02) < 0.001 1.06 (1.03–1.10) < 0.001
 60–69 0.98 (0.92–1.04) 0.483 1.35 (1.30–1.40) < 0.001 0.83 (0.78–0.89) < 0.001 1.49 (1.43–1.56) < 0.001 2.91 (2.77–3.06) < 0.001 1.32 (1.27–1.37) < 0.001
 70–79 1.30 (1.20–1.41) < 0.001 1.44 (1.37–1.51) < 0.001 0.85 (0.79–0.93) < 0.001 1.32 (1.25–1.40) < 0.001 6.20 (5.87–6.55) < 0.001 1.93 (1.84–2.02) < 0.001
 80+ 0.44 (0.41–0.47) < 0.001 1.18 (1.11–1.24) < 0.001 2.00 (1.76–2.27) < 0.001 0.67 (0.62–0.72) < 0.001 9.64 (9.05–10.27) < 0.001 3.24 (3.05–3.44) < 0.001
Education
 Some education Referent   Referent   Referent   Referent   Referent   Referent  
 No education 1.41 (1.35–1.48) < 0.001 0.94 (0.91–0.97) < 0.001 0.87 (0.82–0.91) < 0.001 0.69 (0.66–0.71) < 0.001 1.14 (1.10–1.19) < 0.001 1.13 (1.10–1.16) < 0.001
Marital Status
 Married Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent
 Not Married 1.38 (1.30–1.46) < 0.001 1.00 (0.96–1.03) 0.807 0.65 (0.61–0.68) < 0.001 0.87 (0.84–0.90) < 0.001 1.83 (1.77–1.91) < 0.001 1.21 (1.17–1.25) < 0.001
Wealth Quintile
 Poorest Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent
 Poorer 1.14 (1.07–1.22) < 0.001 1.03 (0.99–1.07) 0.159 1.50 (1.38–1.62) < 0.001 1.07 (1.01–1.13) < 0.001 0.97 (0.92–1.03) 0.367 1.84 (1.77–1.92) < 0.001
 Middle 1.17 (1.09–1.25) < 0.001 1.18 (1.13–1.22) < 0.001 1.41 (1.30–1.53) < 0.001 1.95 (1.86–2.05) < 0.001 1.51 (1.43–1.60) < 0.001 1.33 (1.28–1.39) < 0.001
 Richer 1.29 (1.20–1.38) < 0.001 1.11 (1.06–1.16) < 0.001 0.96 (0.89–1.04) 0.322 2.29 (2.17–2.40) < 0.001 1.42 (1.34–1.50) < 0.001 1.31 (1.25–1.36) < 0.001
 Richest 1.29 (1.19–1.39) < 0.001 0.58 (0.56–0.61) < 0.001 1.05 (0.97–1.14) 0.357 2.24 (2.12–2.37) < 0.001 2.13 (2.00–2.26) < 0.001 1.81 (1.73–1.90) < 0.001