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Table 5 Risk of physical body mass indices on self-reported diagnosed NCDs among the elderly aged 45 and above in India, LASI Wave-1 (2017–18)

From: An assessment of anthropometric indices and its association with NCDs among the older adults of India: evidence from LASI Wave-1

Risk Attributes CVDs Chronic respiratory diseases Diabetes Cancer Multi-morbidity
BMI Category AOR CI (95%) AOR CI (95%) AOR CI (95%) AOR CI (95%) AOR CI (95%)
Normal 1 (Ref.)    1 (Ref.)    1 (Ref.)    1 (Ref.)    1 (Ref.)   
Underweight 0.61*** 0.57 0.64 1.53*** 1.40 1.70 0.41*** 0.40 0.50 1.2 0.9 1.6 0.72*** 0.7 0.8
Overweight 1.7*** 1.6 1.8 1.02 0.90 1.10 1.64*** 1.50 1.70 1.17 0.9 1.5 1.65*** 1.5 1.8
Obese 2.31*** 2.2 2.5 1.16** 1.10 1.30 1.9*** 1.70 2.10 0.99 0.7 1.4 2.37*** 2.1 2.8
WHR Category
 Low Risk 1 (Ref.)    1 (Ref.)    1 (Ref.)    1 (Ref.)    1 (Ref.)   
 High Risk 1.61*** 1.5 1.7 0.91** 0.8 0.96 2.27*** 2.1 2.5 1.23 0.9 1.6 1.61*** 1.5 1.7
WC Category
 Low Risk 1 (Ref.)    1 (Ref.)    1 (Ref.)    1 (Ref.)    1 (Ref.)   
 High Risk 1.98*** 1.9 2.1 1.1* 1.1 1.24 2.18*** 2.0 2.3 1.32* 1.04 1.70 2.01*** 1.9 2.1
  1. 1) Regression Adjusted factors by age, sex, schooling level, work status, residence, caste, wealth quintile, region, physical activity status, ever smoking and drinking status.
  2. 2) Multi-morbidity include two or more morbidities which are among hypertension, heart diseases, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma and bronchitis, cancer and diabetes
  3. 3) Significant based on p-value: “*” for 10%, “* *” for5% & “***” for 1%
  4. 4) AOR Adjusted Odds ratio & Ref Reference