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Table 4 Association of Physical body Indices and self-reported diagnosed NCDs among the elderly in India, LASI Wave-1 (2017–18)

From: An assessment of anthropometric indices and its association with NCDs among the older adults of India: evidence from LASI Wave-1

Risk Attributes CVDs CI (95%) Chronic respiratory CI (95%) Diabetes CI (95%) Cancer CI (95%) Multi-Morbidities CI (95%)
BMI Category *** *** *** *** ***
 Underweight 16.82 (16.1, 17.5) 8.72 (8.2, 9.2) 3.54 (3.1, 3.8) 0.49 (0.36, 0.62) 5.23 (4.8, 5.6)
 Normal 25.54 (25.1, 26.0) 5.74 (5.4, 6.0) 10.21 (9.8, 10.5) 0.59 (0.51, 0.68) 10.29 (9.9, 10.6)
 Overweight 39.66 (38.8, 40.5) 5.1 (4.7, 5.4) 19.65 (18.9, 20.3) 0.88 (0.72, 1.04) 17.86 (17.1, 18.5)
 Obese 52.22 (50.7, 53.7) 9.68 (8.8, 10.5) 27.48 (26.1, 28.8) 0.54 (0.32, 0.76) 27.38 (26.1, 28.6)
Waist Circumference ***   *** *** ***
 Low Risk 22.79 (22.4, 23.1) 6.39 (6.2, 6.6) 8.38 (5.5, 6.4) 0.56 (0.49, 0.63) 8.73 (8.4, 9.0)
 High Risk 44.42 (43.6, 45.1) 6.87 (6.4, 7.3) 21.97 (13.3, 13.9) 0.83 (0.69, 0.97) 21.06 (20.4, 21.6)
Waist to Hip Ratio *** * *** *** ***
 Low Risk 19.85 (22.3, 23.1) 8.46 (7.9, 8.9) 5.97 (5.54, 6.39) 0.37 (0.26, 0.47) 6.92 (6.4, 7.3)
 High Risk 30.84 (32.26, 35) 5.94 (5.7, 6.1) 13.6 (13.2, 13.9) 0.7 (0.63, 0.78) 13.36 (13.1, 13.7)
  1. 1) Significant level based on P-value: “*” for 10%, “* *” for5% & “***” for 1%
  2. 2) Multi-morbidity include two or more morbidities which are among hypertension, heart diseases, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma and bronchitis, cancer and diabetes