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Table 3 Self-reported ever diagnosed NCDs according to demographic and socio-economical characteristics among the elderly aged 45 and above population in India, LASI Wave-1 (2017–18)

From: An assessment of anthropometric indices and its association with NCDs among the older adults of India: evidence from LASI Wave-1

Characteristics CVDs (N = 65,384) Chronic respiratory (N = 65,390) Diabetes (N = 65,381) Cancer (N = 65,390) Multi-morbidity (N = 65,390)
Age Group *** *** *** ** ***
 45–59 23.14 4.78 10.36 0.58 8.88
 60–74 33.93 7.73 14.94 0.69 16.13
 75 and above 37.5 10.21 11.53 0.74 16.24
Place of residence ***   *** *** ***
 Rural 23.97 6.34 8.07 0.55 8.93
 Urban 39.89 6.97 21.49 0.85 20.41
Sex *** *** *** ***  
 Male 25.71 7.2 12.42 0.49 12.48
 Female 31.7 5.98 12.15 0.77 12.57
Marital status *** ***   * ***
 Currently married 27.04 6.09 12.31 0.58 11.93
 Widowed 35.75 8.17 12.51 0.88 14.95
 Divorced/Separated/Deserted/Other 21.62 4.49 9.46 0.21 7.82
Living arrangement *** *** ***   ***
 Living alone 32.45 7.23 11.51 0.21 12.24
 Living with spouse and/or others 29.01 7.95 14.25 0.61 13.84
 Living with spouse and children 26.48 5.53 11.82 0.57 11.44
 Living with children and others 35.61 8.12 12.83 0.89 15.24
 Living with others only 27.73 6.46 9.01 0.89 9.79
Religion *** *** ***   ***
 Hindu 27.65 6.54 11.61 0.63 11.73
 Muslim 36.59 6.89 16.38 0.63 17.16
 Christian 28.62 5.59 14.55 0.83 15.02
 Others 35.01 6.14 12.49 0.89 14.08
Caste/tribe *** *** *** *** ***
 Scheduled tribe 15.92 4.53 5.06 0.38 5.36
 Scheduled caste 25.74 6.76 8.61 0.59 9.59
 Other backward class 29.28 7.04 14 0.48 13.71
 None of the above 34.88 6.17 14.29 1.03 14.94
Education *** *** *** *** ***
 No schooling 25.39 6.33 8 0.53 9.43
 Less than 5 years complete 29.24 7.64 13.01 1.11 13.2
 5–9 years complete 31.96 6.62 14.73 0.61 14.68
 10 or more years complete 35.46 6.35 21.15 0.7 18.44
Work status *** *** *** *** ***
 Currently working 21.8 5.31 9.57 0.5 8.78
 Worked in past but currently not 35.83 9.18 14.54 0.76 16.8
 Never worked 36.27 6.45 15.36 0.8 15.75
Wealth Indicator (MPCE) *** *** *** *** ***
  Poorest 22.2 5.32 8.32 0.4 7.48
  Poorer 25.82 5.96 9.09 0.47 9.8
  Middle 28.49 6.38 11.03 0.46 11.58
 Richer 31.98 6.36 14.56 0.93 14.84
  Richest 37.73 9 19.55 1.03 20.17
Region *** *** *** *** ***
 EAST 27.05 6.03 8.91 0.69 10.34
 North East 30.8 3.3 7.64 0.47 8.12
 West 30.69 5.99 13.47 0.98 13.74
 Central 20.34 5.82 6.98 0.39 7.18
 North 34.38 7.83 10.57 0.64 12.45
 South 33.98 7.83 20.85 0.6 19.12
India 28.95 6.54 12.27 0.64 12.53
  1. Significant based on p-value: “*” for 10%, “* *” for5% & “***” for 1%