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Table 2 Prevalence of Waist Circumference and Waist-to-Hip ratio by Socio-demographic characteristics among the elderly aged 45 and above in India, LASI Wave-1 (2017–18)

From: An assessment of anthropometric indices and its association with NCDs among the older adults of India: evidence from LASI Wave-1

Characteristics Waist Circumference % Waist to Hip Ratio % Sample Size (n)
Low risk (n = 42,955) High risk (n = 16,095) Low risk (n = 11,905) High risk (n = 47,145)
Age Group**   
 45–59 72.31 27.69 22.53 77.47 31,018
 60–74 74.77 25.23 23.11 76.89 22,340
 75 and above 82.28 17.72 22.45 77.55 5692
Place of residence***   
 Rural 80.96 19.04 25.7 74.3 38,668
 Urban 58.89 41.11 15.91 84.09 20,382
Sex***   
 Male 90.87 9.13 23.98 76.02 27,334
 Female 60.34 39.66 21.72 78.28 31,716
Marital status***   
 Currently married 75.52 24.48 22.63 77.37 44,227
 Widowed 69.68 30.32 23.24 76.76 12,933
 Divorced/Separated/Deserted/Others 81.37 18.63 22.04 77.96 1890
Living arrangement***   
 Living alone 75.38 24.62 25.11 74.89 2099
 Living with spouse and/or others 75.91 24.09 24.81 75.19 9044
 Living with spouse and children 75.52 24.48 22.05 77.95 34,392
 Living with children and others 68.01 31.99 22.72 77.28 11,109
 Living with others only 80.1 19.9 22.38 77.62 2406
Religion***   
 Hindu 75.51 24.49 24.2 75.8 43,309
 Muslim 68.23 31.77 15.2 84.8 7004
 Christian 74.53 25.47 18.36 81.64 5931
 Others 65.42 34.58 16.2 83.8 2806
Caste/tribe***   
 Scheduled tribe 87.01 12.99 30.44 69.56 10,376
 Scheduled caste 79.94 20.06 23.88 76.12 9943
 Other backward class 74.02 25.98 23.8 76.2 22,258
 None of the above 66.58 33.42 17.6 82.4 16,473
Education***   
 No schooling 77.16 22.84 25.55 74.45 27,743
 Less than 5 years complete 77.09 22.91 25.05 74.95 6874
 5–9 years complete 71.7 28.3 20.42 79.58 13,524
 10 or more years complete 67.44 32.56 15.93 84.07 10,909
Work status***   
 Currently working 83.48 16.52 25.34 74.66 29,357
 Worked in past but currently not 76.24 23.76 22.91 77.09 13,542
 Never worked 54.95 45.05 17.63 82.37 16,151
Wealth Indicator (MPCE)***   
  Poorest 81.74 18.26 26.76 73.24 11,652
  Poorer 78.33 21.67 24.48 75.52 11,924
  Middle 74.97 25.03 22.25 77.75 11,926
  Richer 70.32 29.68 19.78 80.22 11,907
  Richest 64.33 35.67 19.77 80.23 11,641
Region***   
 EAST 81.54 18.46 20.01 79.99 10,658
 North East 85.74 14.26 18.36 81.64 7682
 West 69.91 30.09 26.71 73.29 7756
 Central 80.41 19.59 27.83 72.17 8089
 North 65.9 34.1 15.33 84.67 10,877
 South 67.36 32.64 22.98 77.02 13,988
India 74.33 25.67 22.75 77.25 59,050
  1. Significant based on p-value: “*” for 10%, “* *” for5% & “***” for 1%
  2. Sample “n” is a unweighted sample