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Table 1 Prevalence of Obesity (BMI) by Socio-demographic characteristics among the elderly aged 45 and above in India, LASI Wave-1 (2017–18)

From: An assessment of anthropometric indices and its association with NCDs among the older adults of India: evidence from LASI Wave-1

Characteristics BMI Categories Sample Size (n)
Underweight (n = 11,644) Normal (n = 33,900) Overweight (n = 14,585) Obese (n = 5054)
Age Group***   
 45–59 16.12 51.86 23.88 8.13 31,023
 60–74 24.44 51.28 18.01 6.26 22,348
 75 and above 35.01 50.8 11.62 2.57 5702
Place of residence***   
 Rural 25.64 54.42 15.88 4.06 42,476
 Urban 9.23 44.25 31.56 14.97 22,707
Sex***   
 Male 22.61 56.02 17.93 3.45 27,343
 Female 20.37 47.72 22.26 9.65 31,730
Marital status***   
 Currently married 19.09 52.63 21.4 6.88 44,237
 Widowed 27.45 48.38 17.57 6.61 12,946
 Divorced/Separated/Deserted/Others 17.09 49.11 22.01 11.79 8000
Living arrangement***   
 Living alone 28.06 50.89 16.15 4.9 2100
 Living with spouse and/or others 21.5 52.52 19.47 6.5 9046
 Living with spouse and children 18.47 52.58 21.94 7.01 34,400
 Living with children and others 25.8 48.48 18.39 7.33 11,119
 Living with others only 34.33 47.86 13.26 4.54 2408
Religion***   
 Hindu 21.88 51.74 19.99 6.39 43,326
 Muslim 18.8 51.25 21 8.95 7007
 Christian 24.67 51.15 18.59 5.59 5933
 Others 13.58 48.81 24.96 12.65 8917
Caste/tribe***   
 Scheduled tribe 35.06 52.82 9.89 2.23 10,380
 Scheduled caste 26.46 53.56 15.54 4.44 9946
 Other backward class 20.08 50.9 21.94 7.09 22,264
 None of the above 14.77 50.3 24.36 10.57 22,593
Education***   
 No schooling 25.61 52.15 16.42 5.82 33,865
 Less than 5 years complete 22.43 53.8 17.81 5.95 6877
 5–9 years complete 15.57 51.21 25.06 8.15 13,529
 10 or more years complete 8.31 47.01 31.89 12.78 10,912
Work status***   
 Currently working 21.09 55.43 19.38 4.1 29,361
 Worked in past but currently not working 22.25 50.5 18.95 8.29 19,663
 Never worked 17.74 44.46 25.26 12.54 16,159
Wealth Indicator (MPCE)***   
 Poorest 28.45 52.82 14.36 4.37 11,655
 Poorer 25.21 52.37 16.75 5.67 11,928
 Middle 21.93 52.12 20.56 5.39 11,932
 Richer 17.88 51.32 22.88 7.91 11,912
  Richest 11.63 48.46 28.39 11.53 11,646
Region***   
 EAST 25.99 54.85 15.15 4 11,835
 North East 22.22 59.43 15.65 2.7 8760
 West 16.91 50.47 23.92 8.7 8579
 Central 28.6 52.29 15.07 4.04 8666
 North 16.2 50.75 23.42 9.63 11,803
 South 12.91 46.53 28.2 12.36 15,540
India 20.64 51.32 20.65 7.38 65,183
  1. Significant based on p-value: “*” for 10%, “* *” for5% & “***” for 1%
  2. Sample “n” is a unweighted sample