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Table 1 Background characteristics by HIV/AIDS status of the household

From: Gender dimensions of the impact of HIV/AIDS on stunting in children under five years in Zimbabwe

   Household has an HIV positive member? Difference in means
[Y – N]
   Yes [Y] No [N]
   Mean S. D Mean S. D
Observations (%) 1804 (13%) 12,050 (87%)  
Household head is female 0.580 0.494 0.462 0.499 0.118a
Household head age (Years) 45.555 15.049 38.854 14.577 6.701a
Marital status: Married living together 0.589 0.492 0.760 0.427 −0.170a
Married living apart 0.061 0.239 0.077 0.267 −0.016a
Divorced/separated 0.097 0.296 0.050 0.218 0.047a
Widow/widower 0.213 0.409 0.080 0.271 0.133a
Household head education level Primary level 0.377 0.485 0.261 0.439 0.116a
ZJC level 0.169 0.375 0.122 0.327 0.047a
O′ level 0.302 0.459 0.453 0.498 −0.150a
A’ level 0.013 0.113 0.034 0.181 −0.021a
Diploma/Certificate after primary 0.002 0.040 0.005 0.067 −0.003a
Diploma/Certificate after secondary 0.009 0.095 0.030 0.171 −0.021a
Graduate/Post-Graduate 0.006 0.077 0.020 0.139 −0.014a
Household head religion: Roman Catholic 0.080 0.272 0.077 0.266 0.004
Protestant 0.084 0.277 0.087 0.283 −0.004
Pentecostal 0.191 0.393 0.214 0.410 −0.023b
Apostolic Sect 0.270 0.444 0.296 0.456 −0.026b
Zion 0.101 0.301 0.074 0.262 0.027a
Traditional 0.024 0.154 0.017 0.130 0.007c
No religion 0.139 0.346 0.121 0.326 0.018c
Household size   5.811 2.292 5.168 1.973 0.643a
Monthly income   356.347 746.649 623.581 1315.069 −267.23a
Mentally ill household members 0.185 0.520 0.115 0.391 0.070a
Household members with mother alive 2.867 1.590 2.529 1.435 0.338a
Household members with father alive 2.420 1.515 2.365 1.395 0.055
Household is located in rural areas 0.671 0.470 0.515 0.500 0.156a
Province Bulawayo 0.025 0.156 0.023 0.150 0.002
Manicaland 0.067 0.250 0.097 0.296 −0.030a
Mash Central 0.094 0.292 0.117 0.321 −0.023a
Mash East 0.115 0.319 0.153 0.360 −0.038a
Mash West 0.126 0.332 0.139 0.346 −0.013
Mat North 0.129 0.335 0.074 0.262 0.054a
Mat South 0.142 0.349 0.092 0.289 0.050a
Midlands 0.158 0.365 0.135 0.342 0.023b
Masvingo 0.085 0.279 0.085 0.279 0.000
Harare 0.060 0.237 0.085 0.279 −0.025a
  1. Notes: The last column shows the results of two-tailed t-test for the difference in the means. a, b, and c indicate the 1, 5, and 10% levels of significance