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Table 3 Estimates from logistic regression analysis for anaemia among men by their background characteristics, India, 2015–16

From: Socio-economic inequality in anaemia among men in India: a study based on cross-sectional data

Background Characteristics

OR [95% CI]

Men’s age (in years)

 15–19

Ref.

 20–29

0.70***(0.66–0.73)

 30–39

0.77***(0.74–0.84)

 40–49

0.96(0.90–1.02)

 50–54

1.20***(1.11–1.29)

Marital status

 Never married

Ref.

 Currently married

0.99(0.944–1.032)

Educational level

 No Education

Ref.

 Primary

0.90***(0.86–0.95)

 Secondary

0.83***(0.79–0.87)

 Higher

0.71***(0.66–0.75)

Mass media

 No exposure

Ref.

 Exposure

0.93***(0.89–0.98)

Body Mass Index

 Underweight (< 18.5 kg/m2)

1.51***(1.46–1.57)

 Normal (18.5–24.99 kg/m2)

Ref.

 Overweight (≥25 kg/m2)

0.80***(0.77–0.84)

Tobacco use (smoke/smokeless)

 No

Ref.

 Yes

0.92***(0.90–0.95)

Caste

 Scheduled caste

0.97(0.92–1.01)

 Scheduled tribe

1.33***(1.26–1.40)

 Other backward class

0.97*(0.93–1.00)

 Others

Ref.

Religion

 Hindu

Ref.

 Muslim

0.88***(0.84–0.92)

 Others

0.97(0.92–1.02)

Wealth index

 Poorest

Ref.

 Poorer

0.90***(0.86–0.94)

 Middle

0.83***(0.79–0.87)

 Richer

0.78***(0.73–0.82)

 Richest

0.75***(0.70–0.80)

Place of residence

 Urban

Ref.

 Rural

1.12***(1.08–1.16)

Region

 North

Ref.

 Central

1.01(0.97–1.06)

 East

1.40***(1.33–1.47)

 Northeast

0.75***(0.70–0.79)

 West

0.87***(0.83–0.93)

 South

0.93**(0.88–0.98)

  1. OR: Odds Ratio; CI: confidence Interval; Ref: Reference category; ***p < 0.001; **p < 0.05; *p < 0.10
  2. €North: Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Delhi, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand; Central: Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh; East: Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal; Northeast: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura; West: Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra; South: Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu, Telangana