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Table 3 Estimates from logistic regression analysis for anaemia among men by their background characteristics, India, 2015–16

From: Socio-economic inequality in anaemia among men in India: a study based on cross-sectional data

Background Characteristics OR [95% CI]
Men’s age (in years)
 15–19 Ref.
 20–29 0.70***(0.66–0.73)
 30–39 0.77***(0.74–0.84)
 40–49 0.96(0.90–1.02)
 50–54 1.20***(1.11–1.29)
Marital status
 Never married Ref.
 Currently married 0.99(0.944–1.032)
Educational level
 No Education Ref.
 Primary 0.90***(0.86–0.95)
 Secondary 0.83***(0.79–0.87)
 Higher 0.71***(0.66–0.75)
Mass media
 No exposure Ref.
 Exposure 0.93***(0.89–0.98)
Body Mass Index
 Underweight (< 18.5 kg/m2) 1.51***(1.46–1.57)
 Normal (18.5–24.99 kg/m2) Ref.
 Overweight (≥25 kg/m2) 0.80***(0.77–0.84)
Tobacco use (smoke/smokeless)
 No Ref.
 Yes 0.92***(0.90–0.95)
Caste
 Scheduled caste 0.97(0.92–1.01)
 Scheduled tribe 1.33***(1.26–1.40)
 Other backward class 0.97*(0.93–1.00)
 Others Ref.
Religion
 Hindu Ref.
 Muslim 0.88***(0.84–0.92)
 Others 0.97(0.92–1.02)
Wealth index
 Poorest Ref.
 Poorer 0.90***(0.86–0.94)
 Middle 0.83***(0.79–0.87)
 Richer 0.78***(0.73–0.82)
 Richest 0.75***(0.70–0.80)
Place of residence
 Urban Ref.
 Rural 1.12***(1.08–1.16)
Region
 North Ref.
 Central 1.01(0.97–1.06)
 East 1.40***(1.33–1.47)
 Northeast 0.75***(0.70–0.79)
 West 0.87***(0.83–0.93)
 South 0.93**(0.88–0.98)
  1. OR: Odds Ratio; CI: confidence Interval; Ref: Reference category; ***p < 0.001; **p < 0.05; *p < 0.10
  2. €North: Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Delhi, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand; Central: Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh; East: Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal; Northeast: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura; West: Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra; South: Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu, Telangana