Skip to main content

Table 2 Distribution of Respondents’ Risk Factors Using the mHealth Application Based on the CVD Risk Index in the Babakan Madang Sub-District

From: Potentials of community-based early detection of cardiovascular disease risk during the COVID-19 pandemic

Risk Factors, n (%) Overall (n = 442) Predicted 10-years CVD Risk
Low Risk (<  20%) (n = 348) High Risk (≥ 20%) (n = 94)
Smoking*
 Never 335 (75.8) 331 (93.4) 22 (6.6)
 Former 36 (8.1) 28 (77.8) 8 (22.2)
 Current 71 (16.1) 7 (9.9) 64 (90.1)
Alcohol
 Never 419 (94.8) 343 (81.9) 76 (18.1)
 Former 12 (2.7) 4 (33.3) 8 (66.7)
 Current 11 (2.5) 1 (9.1%) 10 (90.9)
Physical Activity
 Seldom/Rare 61 (13.8) 119 (77.8) 34 (22.2)
 Sometimes 228 (51.6) 177 (77.6) 51 (22.4)
 Often/Very often 153 (34.6) 52 (85.2) 9 (14.8)
Dietary Fruits and
Vegetables
 1–2 Servings/day 300 (67.9) 235 (78.3) 65 (21.7)
 >2–3 Servings/day 142 (32.1) 113 (79.6) 29 (20.4)
History of Diabetes
Mellitus*
 Yes 21 (4.8) 0 (0) 21 (100)
 No 421 (95.2) 348 (82.7) 73 (17.3)
History of Hypertension*
 Yes 62 (14.0) 39 (62.9) 23 (37.1)
 No 380 (86.0) 309 (81.3) 71 (18.7)
Family History of Premature
Myocardial infarction (MI)*
 Yes 34 (7.7) 17 (50) 17 (50)
 No 408 (92.3) 331 (81.1) 77 (18.9)
  1. * CVD Risk Index Calculation Indicator