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Table 2 Smoking status by different characteristics

From: Factors influencing smoking behaviour of online ride-hailing drivers in China: a cross-sectional analysis

Variables Total
n (%)
Current non-smoker
n (%)
Current smoker
n (%)
P-value
Area of residence     < 0.001
 Eastern regions 5133 (57.1) 2377 (46.3) 2756 (53.7)  
 Central regions 1812 (20.2) 774 (42.7) 1038 (57.3)  
 Western regions 2045 (22.7) 815 (39.9) 1230 (60.1)  
Gender     < 0.001
 Male 8623 (95.9) 3737 (43.3) 4886 (56.7)  
 Female 367 (4.1) 229 (62.4) 138 (37.6)  
Age     < 0.001
 18–34 years 3054 (34.0) 1248 (40.9) 1806 (59.1)  
 35–44 years 3941 (43.8) 1782 (45.2) 2159 (54.8)  
  ≥ 45 years old 1995 (22.2) 936 (46.9) 1059 (53.1)  
Marital status     0.107
 Unmarried 610 (6.8) 266 (43.6) 344 (56.4)  
 Married 7662 (85.2) 3428 (44.7) 4234 (55.3)  
 Divorced/Widowed/Remarried/Others 718 (8.0) 272 (37.9) 446 (62.1)  
Educational level     0.827
 Junior high school and below 2495 (27.8) 1122 (45.0) 1373 (55.0)  
 Vocational/Technical secondary school/High school 4635 (51.6) 1995 (43.0) 2640 (57.0)  
 Junior college and above 1860 (20.7) 849 (45.6) 1011 (54.4)  
The ratio of family burden     0.244
 Less than the gross dependency coefficient 1220 (13.6) 1906 (44.5) 2374 (55.5)  
 Equal or more than the gross dependency coefficient 7770 (86.4) 2060 (43.7) 2650 (56.3)  
working years as a full-time driver     0.399
  < 5 years 6019 (67.0) 2662 (44.2) 3357 (55.8)  
 5–10 years 1501 (16.7) 679 (45.2) 822 (54.8)  
  > 10 years 1470 (16.4) 625 (42.5) 845 (57.5)  
working hours per day     0.005
  < 10 h 3939 (43.8) 1801 (45.7) 2138 (54.3)  
 10–12 h 2822 (31.4) 1226 (43.4) 1596 (56.6)  
  > 12 h 2229 (24.8) 939 (42.1) 1290 (57.9)  
Period of work     < 0.001
 Daytime 2581 (28.7) 1282 (49.7) 1299 (50.3)  
 Night 246 (2.7) 84 (34.1) 162 (65.9)  
 Both daytime and night 4624 (51.4) 1959 (42.4) 2665 (57.6)  
 Non-fixed working time 1539 (17.1) 641 (41.7) 898 (58.3)  
Time spent per day outside the car to relax during work     0.266
  < 5 min 4355 (48.4) 1952 (44.8) 2403 (55.2)  
 5–10 min 3270 (36.4) 1419 (43.4) 1851 (56.6)  
  > 10 min 1365 (15.2) 595 (43.6) 770 (56.4)  
Experiences of chronic illness     0.993
 Yes 6240 (69.4) 2753 (44.1) 3487 (55.9)  
 No 2750 (30.6) 1213 (44.1) 1537 (55.9)  
Self–reported health     0.012
 Good 2831 (31.5) 1308 (46.2) 1523 (53.8)  
 General 3637 (40.5) 1577 (43.4) 2060 (56.6)  
 Poor 2522 (28.1) 1081 (42.9) 1441 (57.1)  
Feelings of anxiety     < 0.001
 Never 3225 (35.9) 1511 (46.9) 1714 (53.1)  
 Occasionally 3546 (39.4) 1534 (43.3) 2012 (56.7)  
 Frequently 2219 (24.7) 921 (41.5) 1298 (58.5)  
Current drinker     < 0.001
 Yes 4325 (48.1) 1610 (37.2) 2715 (62.8)  
 No 4665 (51.9) 2356 (50.5) 2309 (49.5)  
Eating habits     < 0.001
 Extremely regular 2621 (29.2) 1332 (50.8) 1289 (49.2)  
 Regular in general 1924 (21.4) 922 (47.9) 1002 (52.1)  
 Extremely irregularly 4445 (49.4) 1712 (38.5) 2733 (61.5)  
Choice of place to eat     < 0.001
 mainly eating at home 3795 (42.2) 1808 (47.6) 1987 (52.4)  
 mainly eating out 5195 (57.8) 2158 (41.5) 3037 (58.5)  
Sleep duration per day     < 0.001
  < 6 h 2407 (26.8) 957 (39.8) 1450 (60.2)  
 6–8 h 5737 (63.8) 2608 (45.5) 3129 (54.5)  
  > 8 h 846 (9.4) 401 (47.4) 445 (52.6)  
The number of days in a week of engaging in at least 10 min of moderate or vigorous exercise     < 0.001
 0 day 5281 (58.7) 2185 (41.4) 3096 (58.6)  
 1–2 days 2803 (31.2) 1285 (45.8) 1518 (54.2)  
  ≥ 3 days 906 (10.1) 496 (54.7) 410 (45.3)  
Level of the initiative to acquire health knowledge     < 0.001
 Never 1724 (19.2) 647 (37.5) 1077 (62.5)  
 Occasionally 4471 (49.7) 1864 (41.7) 2607 (58.3)  
 Frequently 2795 (31.1) 1455 (52.1) 1340 (47.9)  
Weight status     < 0.001
 Underweight 394 (4.4) 139 (35.3) 255 (64.7)  
 Normal weight 3815 (42.4) 1619 (42.4) 2196 (57.6)  
 Overweight 4781 (53.2) 2208 (46.2) 2573 (53.8)