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Table 1 Parent and adolescent characteristics and measures (N = 1166 dyads)

From: Patterns of physical activity parenting practices among parent-adolescent dyads who participated in a cross-sectional internet-based study

Parent n % Adolescent n %
Age (years)    Age (years)   
18–34 123 10.6 12 141 12.1
35–44 491 42.3 13 246 21.1
45–59 517 44.5 14 191 16.4
60+ 31 2.7 15 207 17.8
    16 246 21.1
    17 135 11.6
Sex    Sex   
Male 310 26.7 Male 563 48.5
Female 851 73.3 Female 599 51.5
Race/ethnicity    Race/Ethnicity   
Hispanic 87 7.5 Hispanic 112 9.7
NH black/African American 179 15.5 NH black/African American 176 15.3
NH white 818 70.9 NH white 755 65.5
NH othera 69 6.0 NH othera 109 9.5
Education level    School Type   
<High school 11 0.9 Public 994 85.3
High school/GED 178 15.4 Private 88 7.6
Some college 388 33.5 Home 61 5.2
≥4-year college degree 581 50.2 Other 22 1.9
Marital status
 Married 858 74.5    
 Divorced/widowed/separated 131 11.4    
 Never married 100 8.7    
 Unmarried couple 63 5.5    
Household income
 $0–$99.999 873 76.0    
 $100,00+ 275 24.0    
 BMIb    BMI percentileb   
 Underweight (< 18.5) 14 1.2 Underweight (<5th) 47 4.1
 Healthy weight (≥18.5 and < 25) 474 41.3 Healthy weight (≥5th and < 85th) 799 70.3
 Overweight (≥25 and < 30) 354 30.8 Overweight (≥85th and < 95th) 166 14.6
 Obesity (≥30) 307 26.7 Obese (≤95th) 125 11.0
  Mean SD   Mean SD
 MVPA (minutes/day) 84 81 MVPA (minutes/day) 110 19
 PA parenting practicec    PA parenting practicec   
 NC: pressuring 3.1 1.29 NC: pressuring 3.0 1.33
 AS: guided choice 2.9 1.22 AS: guided choice 2.8 1.29
 S: expectations 3.3 1.34 S: expectations 3.0 1.33
 S: facilitation 3.8 1.09 S: facilitation 3.8 1.15
 S: modeling 3.6 1.05 S: modeling 3.3 1.21
 PA-LPAc 3.8 0.99 PA-LPAc 3.4 1.17
  1. NH non-Hispanic, GED General Education Development, BMI body mass index, SD standard deviation, MVPA moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, PA physical activity, NC neglect/control, AS autonomy support, S structure, LPA legitimacy of parental authority
  2. a Included American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
  3. b Based on self-reported height and weight
  4. c Scale range is 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree)