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Table 4 Descriptive statistics stage 2b: Information seeking behaviour (Overall N = 307 searched for information)

From: How to increase awareness of additional vaccinations; the case of maternal pertussis vaccination

  Pregnant (N = 217) Non-pregnant (N = 283)
Sought information (N = 131 (60.4)) Did not seek information (N = 86 (39.6)) Sought information (N = 176 (62.2)) Did not seek information (N = 107 (37.8))
Age (M, Sd) 31.2 (5.7) 31.3 (6.0) 32.6 (4.1) 32.3 (4.4)
Ethnicity (N, %)
 Dutch 120 (91.6) 79 (91.9) 171 (97.2) 96 (89.7)**
 Other 11 (8.4) 7 (8.1) 5 (2.8) 11 (10.3)**
Education (N, %)
 Low 8 (6.1) 15 (17.4)** 11 (6.3) 17 (15.9)*
 Middle 34 (26.0) 30 (34.9) 28 (15.9) 22 (20.6)
 High 89 (67.9) 41 (47.7)** 137 (77.8) 68 (63.6)*
Occupation as a HCW (N, %)
 Yes 54 (41.2) 25 (29.1) 85 (48.3) 35 (32.7)*
 No 77 (58.8) 61 (70.9) 91 (51.7) 72 (67.3)*
Children (N, %)
 Yes 84 (64.1) 56 (65.1) 176 (100) 107 (100)
 No 47 (35.9) 30 (34.9) N/A N/A
Time of search (N, %)   N/A   N/A
 Before pregnancy 17 (13.0)   6 (3.4)  
 1st trimester 51 (38.9)   31 (17.6)  
 2nd trimester 47 (35.9)   85 (48.3)  
 3rd trimester 13 (9.9)   48 (27.3)  
 After pregnancy 3 (2.3)   6 (3.4)  
Decision-making style (M, Sd)
 Rational 4.0 (0.5) 3.8 (0.6)** 4.1 (0.5) 3.9 (0.5)**
 Intuitive 3.6 (0.7) 3.6 (0.7) 3.5 (0.7) 3.7 (0.7)
 Dependent 3.6 (0.6) 3.6 (0.7) 3.4 (0.7) 3.4 (0.6)
 Avoidant 2.8 (1.0) 2.8 (1.0) 2.2 (0.9) 2.5 (0.9)*
 Impulsive 3.0 (0.8) 3.1 (0.7) 2.8 (0.7) 2.9 (0.7)
Critical Thinkinga (M, Sd) 5.6 (0.8) 4.9 (1.1)*** 5.9 (0.8) 5.4 (0.9)***
Descriptive norma (M, Sd) 4.8 (1.1) 4.6 (1.2) 4.7 (1.2) 4.6 (1.2)
Injunctive norma (M, Sd)
 Loved ones 4.8 (1.3) 4.7 (1.4) 5.0 (1.2) 4.8 (1.2)
 Health care worker 4.8 (1.4) 4.7 (1.4) 5.0 (1.3) 4.8 (1.2)
Trust (M, Sd)a
 Midwife 5.7 (1.1) 5.3 (1.2)* 5.7 (1.3) 5.6 (1.1)
 Public Health Institute 5.7 (1.0) 5.2 (1.0)*** 6.0 (1.1) 5.6 (1.1)**
 Youth Health Care centre 5.3 (1.1) 5.1 (1.1) 5.3 (1.4) 5.3 (1.2)
Subjective Knowledgea (M, Sd) 3.7 (0.7) 3.1 (1.0)*** 3.8 (0.9) 3.0 (1.0)***
Self-efficacy (N, %)
 Yes 113 (86.3) 50 (58.1)*** 142 (80.7) 65 (60.7)***
 No 18 (13.7) 36 (41.9)*** 34 (19.3) 42 (39.3)***
Information source (N, %)   N/A   N/A
 GP 25 (11.5)   22 (7.8)  
 Midwife/Gynaecologist 42 (19.4)   41 (14.5)  
 Youth health care worker 12 (5.5)   9 (3.2)  
 Municipal public health services 19 (8.8)   22 (7.8)  
 Website of Public Health Institute 74 (34.1)   130 (45.9)  
 Other Website 15 (6.9)   33 (11.7)  
 Scientific articles 11 (5.1)   16 (5.7)  
 Television 2 (0.9)   3 (1.1)  
 Newspaper/magazine 2 (0.9)   1 (0.4)  
 Pregnant women 18 (8.3)   18 (6.4)  
 Social media 9 (4.1)   14 (4.9)  
 Family/friends 10 (4.6)   6 (2.1)  
 Other 4 (1.8)   2 (0.7)  
Information Trusta (M, Sd)   N/A   N/A
 GP 5.8 (1.0)   5.1 (1.8)  
 Midwife/Gynaecologist 5.8 (1.1)   5.7 (1.3)  
 Youth health care worker 6.0 (0.9)   5.4 (1.3)  
 Municipal public health services 5.7 (1.0)   6.1 (0.9)  
 Website of Public Health Institute 6.0 (0.8)   5.9 (1.4)  
 Other Website 4.4 (0.5)   4.6 (1.3)  
 Scientific articles 4.9 (1.8)   5.9 (1.3)  
 Television 5.0 (0.0)   5.0 (1.0)  
 Newspaper/magazine 5.0 (1.4)   3.0 (N/A)  
 Pregnant women 4.5 (0.9)   4.1 (1.5)  
 Social media 3.6 (0.7)   3.7 (1.5)  
 Family/friends 5.9 (1.1)   5.8 (0.8)  
 Other 5.8 (1.9)   4.5 (0.7)  
  1. M = Mean; Sd = standard deviation; N = number of participants; % = percentage of participants; N/A = not applicable. * p < .05; ** p < .01; ***p < .0001. a scale 1–7