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Table 2 Mean scores for six different health conditions over background characteristics among older adults (N = 9181)

From: Feeling about living arrangements and associated health outcomes among older adults in India: a cross-sectional study

Variables Poor self-rated health Low psychological health Low subjective well-being Low ADL Low IADL Low cognitive ability
Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean
Feeling about present living arrangement
 Satisfactory 0.52 0.20 0.22 0.07 0.55 0.58
 Non satisfactory 0.81 0.47 0.63 0.12 0.70 0.74
Living arrangement
 Alone 0.57 0.33 0.40 0.03 0.36 0.63
 With spouse 0.50 0.21 0.26 0.04 0.48 0.51
 With children 0.56 0.23 0.25 0.08 0.60 0.61
 Others 0.62 0.26 0.31 0.10 0.59 0.69
Age (in years)
 60–69 0.50 0.20 0.23 0.03 0.47 0.53
 70–79 0.62 0.27 0.30 0.10 0.67 0.68
 80+ 0.70 0.35 0.39 0.25 0.86 0.79
Sex       
 Men 0.52 0.21 0.24 0.06 0.56 0.53
 Women 0.58 0.26 0.29 0.09 0.57 0.66
Educational status (in years)
 None 0.61 0.31 0.36 0.09 0.69 0.71
 Below 5 years 0.57 0.22 0.24 0.08 0.51 0.64
 6 to 10 years 0.45 0.13 0.14 0.04 0.40 0.41
 11+ years 0.41 0.08 0.10 0.04 0.26 0.31
Working status
 No 0.58 0.25 0.28 0.09 0.61 0.62
 Yes 0.47 0.20 0.24 0.01 0.43 0.53
Marital status
 Not in union 0.61 0.29 0.33 0.11 0.63 0.69
 Currently in union 0.51 0.20 0.23 0.05 0.52 0.54
Religion
 Hindu 0.53 0.26 0.28 0.07 0.57 0.60
 Muslim 0.67 0.23 0.30 0.12 0.57 0.67
 Sikh 0.66 0.08 0.12 0.06 0.62 0.56
 Others 0.61 0.16 0.22 0.07 0.31 0.64
Caste
 Scheduled Caste 0.60 0.28 0.34 0.08 0.63 0.66
 Scheduled Tribe 0.46 0.32 0.35 0.06 0.64 0.71
 Other Backward Class 0.53 0.26 0.28 0.08 0.53 0.56
 Others 0.56 0.17 0.20 0.07 0.55 0.58
Place of residence
 Rural 0.57 0.25 0.28 0.08 0.59 0.63
 Urban 0.51 0.19 0.22 0.07 0.48 0.52
Wealth status       
 Poorest 0.62 0.37 0.47 0.08 0.67 0.71
 Poorer 0.56 0.29 0.32 0.07 0.59 0.65
 Middle 0.53 0.20 0.21 0.08 0.55 0.60
 Richer 0.49 0.15 0.15 0.06 0.51 0.49
 Richest 0.55 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.44 0.49
State
 Kerala 0.67 0.14 0.15 0.10 0.34 0.66
 Himachal Pradesh 0.46 0.17 0.15 0.07 0.60 0.54
 Punjab 0.67 0.07 0.11 0.05 0.60 0.55
 West Bengal 0.78 0.29 0.48 0.11 0.69 0.82
  Orissa 0.47 0.37 0.35 0.09 0.71 0.69
 Maharashtra 0.41 0.23 0.34 0.04 0.48 0.55
  Tamil Nadu 0.46 0.36 0.32 0.06 0.53 0.41
India 0.55 0.23 0.27 0.07 0.56 0.60
  1. Poor self-rated health (coded in binary form i.e. 1 “poor or Fair” and 0 “Excellent, very good and good”)
  2. Low psychological health: General Health Scale (coded in binary form i.e. 1 “scores 5 or less” and 0 “scores more than 6”)
  3. Low subjective well-being (coded in binary form i.e. 1 “scores of 5 or less” and 0 “scores 6+”)
  4. Low ADL: Activities of Daily living (coded in binary i.e. 1 “scores of 5 or less” and 0 “scores 6+”)
  5. Low IADL: Instrumental Activities of Daily living (coded in binary i.e. 1 “scores of 5 or less” and 0 “scores 6+”)
  6. Low cognitive ability (coded in binary i.e. 1 “scores of 4 or less” and 0 “scores 5+”)