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Table 3 Characteristics of study participants stratified by gender from Jiangsu Province, China in 2007–2014

From: The relationship between dietary patterns and overweight and obesity among adult in Jiangsu Province of China: a structural equation model

Groups Male Female t P value
Mean SD Mean SD
Body Weight (kg) 67.6 10.4 58.8 9.6 18.189 < 0.001
Height (cm) 167.1 6.5 156.0 5.9 37.303 < 0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.2 3.2 24.1 3.5 0.116 0.907
Energy intake (kcal/d) 2228.6 875.8 2133.7 807.7 2.355 0.020
  n % n % χ2 P value
Age group (years)      0.218 0.640
 25 ~ 39 88 10.9 109 11.7   
 40~ 716 89.1 826 88.3   
Education level      86.083 < 0.001
 Illiterate 62 23.5 220 16.2   
 Primary 274 33.2 310 33.6   
 Secondary 342 32.2 301 37.0   
 Senior secondary or above 126 11.1 104 13.2   
Job      21.310 < 0.001
 Low physical work 376 46.8 484 51.8   
 Middle physical work 62 7.7 33 3.5   
 High physical work 175 21.8 234 25.0   
 Other physical work 191 23.8 184 19.7   
Economic status      1.36 0.715
 Low-income 242 30.1 305 32.6   
 Middle-income 350 43.5 395 42.2   
 High-income 174 21.6 195 20.9   
 Other-income 38 4.7 40 4.3   
Smoking behavior      590.873 < 0.001
 No 384 47.8 920 98.4   
 Yes 420 52.2 15 1.6   
Central obesity      0.231 0.631
 No 512 63.7 585 62.6   
 Yes 292 36.3 350 37.4   
Overweight and obesity      2.877 0.090
 No 392 48.8 494 52.8   
 Yes 412 51.2 441 47.2