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Table 4 Adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for stress management skills in all participants and in subjects stratified by stressful life events

From: Association of stress management skills and stressful life events with allergy risk: a case-control study in southern China

  All participants Participants with stressful life events Participants without stressful life events
Variable Case participants
(1340)
Control participants
(2662)
Adjusted oddsa Case participants
(1000)
Control participants
(1595)
Adjusted oddsa Case participants
(340)
Control participants
(1067)
Adjusted oddsa
N (%) N (%) (odds ratio, 95% confidence interval) N (%) N (%) (odds ratio, 95% confidence interval) N (%) N (%) (odds ratio, 95% confidence interval)
Total stress management skills
 Poor 217 (16.2) 351 (13.2) 1 181 (18.1) 239 (15.0) 1 36 (10.6) 112 (10.5) 1
 Moderate 926 (69.1) 1796 (67.5) 0.92 (0.76–1.12) 690 (69.0) 1079 (67.6) 0.92 (0.74–1.16) 236 (69.4) 717 (67.2) 1.17 (0.76–1.78)
 Good 197 (14.7) 515 (19.3) 0.74 (0.57–0.95)* 129 (12.9) 277 (17.4) 0.71 (0.53–0.97)* 68 (20.0) 238 (22.3) 1.18 (0.72–1.96)
Stress management skill items
Accept those things in my life that I cannot change
  Rarely or never 72 (5.4) 123 (4.6) 1 58 (5.8) 72 (4.5) 1 14 (4.1) 51 (4.8) 1
  Sometimes 350 (26.1) 814 (30.6) 0.74 (0.54–1.03) 279 (27.9) 496 (31.1) 0.70 (0.47–1.02) 71 (20.9) 318 (29.8) 0.90 (0.46–1.74)
  Often or always 918 (68.5) 1725 (64.8) 0.95 (0.69–1.30) 663 (66.3) 1027 (64.4) 0.82 (0.56–1.19) 255 (75.0) 698 (65.4) 1.61 (0.85–3.04)
Use specific methods to control stress
  Rarely or never 56 (4.2) 91 (3.4) 1 45 (4.5) 55 (3.4) 1 11 (3.2) 36 (3.4) 1
  Sometimes 452 (33.7) 861 (32.3) 0.93 (0.65–1.33) 346 (34.6) 550 (34.5) 0.82 (0.54–1.26) 106 (31.2) 311 (29.1) 1.24 (0.60–2.60)
  Often or always 832 (62.1) 1710 (64.2) 0.92 (0.64–1.31) 609 (60.9) 990 (62.1) 0.84 (0.56–1.28) 223 (65.6) 720 (67.5) 1.26 (0.61–2.60)
Concentrate on pleasant thoughts at bedtime
  Rarely or never 179 (13.4) 239 (9.0) 1 140 (14.0) 159 (10.0) 1 39 (11.5) 80 (7.5) 1
  Sometimes 741 (55.3) 1461 (54.9) 0.73 (0.58–0.90)** 569 (56.9) 883 (55.4) 0.78 (0.60–1.01) 172 (50.6) 578 (54.2) 0.66 (0.43–1.02)
  Often or always 420 (31.3) 962 (36.1) 0.67 (0.53–0.85)** 291 (29.1) 553 (34.7) 0.67 (0.51–0.89)** 129 (37.9) 409 (38.3) 0.79 (0.50–1.25)
Pace myself to prevent tiredness
  Rarely or never 342 (25.5) 521 (19.6) 1 275 (27.5) 320 (20.1) 1 67 (19.7) 201 (18.8) 1
  Sometimes 506 (37.8) 1011 (38.0) 0.80 (0.67–0.96)* 380 (38.0) 611 (38.3) 0.75 (0.61–0.93)** 126 (37.1) 400 (37.5) 0.97 (0.68–1.37)
  Often or always 492 (36.7) 1130 (42.4) 0.76 (0.63–0.91)** 345 (34.5) 664 (41.6) 0.67 (0.54–0.83)*** 147 (43.2) 466 (43.7) 1.14 (0.80–1.62)
Get enough sleep
  Rarely or never 68 (5.1) 80 (3.0) 1 58 (5.8) 49 (3.1) 1 10 (2.9) 31 (2.9) 1
  Sometimes 555 (41.4) 858 (32.2) 0.81 (0.57–1.14) 439 (43.9) 608 (38.1) 0.63 (0.42–0.94)* 116 (34.1) 250 (23.4) 1.55 (0.72–3.33)
  Often or always 717 (53.5) 1724 (64.8) 0.54 (0.39–0.77)*** 503 (50.3) 938 (58.8) 0.48 (0.32–0.72)*** 214 (62.9) 786 (73.7) 0.97 (0.46–2.05)
Take some time for relaxation each day
  Rarely or never 87 (6.5) 95 (3.6) 1 71 (7.1) 58 (3.6) 1 16 (4.7) 37 (3.5) 1
  Sometimes 558 (41.6) 1064 (40.0) 0.63 (0.46–0.86)** 422 (42.2) 684 (42.9) 0.53 (0.37–0.78)** 136 (40.0) 380 (35.6) 0.95 (0.50–1.79)
  Often or always 695 (51.9) 1503 (56.5) 0.59 (0.43–0.82)** 507 (50.7) 853 (53.5) 0.55 (0.37–0.80)** 188 (55.3) 650 (60.9) 0.87 (0.46–1.64)
Balance time between work and play
  Rarely or never 84 (6.3) 122 (4.6) 1 72 (7.2) 86 (5.4) 1 12 (3.5) 36 (3.4) 1
  Sometimes 632 (47.2) 1034 (38.8) 0.95 (0.71–1.29) 491 (49.1) 662 (41.5) 0.93 (0.66–1.31) 141 (41.5) 372 (34.9) 1.24 (0.61–2.50)
  Often or always 624 (46.6) 1506 (56.6) 0.69 (0.51–0.94)* 437 (43.7) 847 (53.1) 0.68 (0.48–0.96)* 187 (55.0) 659 (61.8) 1.03 (0.51–2.08)
Practise relaxation or meditation for 15–20 min daily
  Rarely or never 146 (10.9) 223 (8.4) 1 116 (11.6) 142(8.9) 1 30 (8.8) 81 (7.6) 1
  Sometimes 578 (43.1) 1099 (41.3) 0.87 (0.68–1.10) 433 (43.3) 667 (41.8) 0.84 (0.64–1.11) 145 (42.6) 432 (40.5) 0.99 (0.62–1.60)
  Often or always 616 (46.0) 1340 (50.3) 0.81 (0.64–1.03) 451 (45.1) 786 (49.3) 0.79 (0.59–1.05) 165 (48.5) 554 (51.9) 0.99 (0.61–1.59)
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001, indicate significant odds ratios compared with reference. aAdjusted for age, sex, education, body mass index, smoking status, alcohol intake and physical activity