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Table 2 Association between underlying health conditions in pregnant women and outcomes including Pneumonia, Intensive care unit management and death among hospitalized due to Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome consistent with COVID-19 (N = 7064)

From: Maternal mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico: a preliminary analysis during the first year

  Crude
Odds Ratio
Standard Error Z p Confidence Interval
Pneumonia N = 1586
 Smoking 1.11 0.23 0.51 0.609 0.74 1.67
 Diabetes 1.08 0.14 0.56 0.575 0.83 1.40
Asthma 1.66 0.29 2.85 0.004 1.17 2.34
 BMI > 30 1.20 0.12 1.84 0.066 0.99 1.46
Immune impairment 1.62 0.39 2.00 0.045 1.01 2.60
 Hypertension 1.23 0.16 1.63 0.103 0.96 1.59
 Cardiovascular 1.06 0.37 0.16 0.872 0.53 2.09
 Chronic kidney Disease 1.20 0.43 0.51 0.611 0.60 2.41
Intensive Care Unit N = 478
 Smoking 2.50 0.94 2.43 0.810 1.19 5.25
 Diabetes 0.91 0.27 −0.30 0.581 0.51 1.64
 Asthma 1.32 0.55 0.67 0.592 0.59 2.98
BMI > 30 1.17 0.26 0.69 0.010 0.75 1.81
 Immune impairment 1.26 0.67 0.43 0.114 0.44 3.60
 Hypertension 1.45 0.41 1.32 0.310 0.83 2.53
Cardiovascular Disease 1.77 1.16 0.87 0.019 0.49 6.42
 Chronic kidney Disease 1.39 1.00 0.46 0.281 0.34 5.65
Death N = 197
 Smoking 0.48 0.35 −1.01 0.313 0.12 1.98
Diabetes 2.30 0.57 3.35 0.001 1.41 3.73
 Asthma 0.99 0.46 −0.01 0.991 0.40 2.47
BMI > 30 1.77 0.38 2.71 0.007 1.17 2.69
 Immune impairment 1.50 0.79 0.77 0.444 0.53 4.23
 Hypertension 0.94 0.29 −0.21 0.832 0.51 1.72
 Cardiovascular 0.63 0.65 −0.45 0.655 0.08 4.72