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Table 2 Comparison between subgroups with respect to SPFL and HPL levels

From: Food and health promotion literacy among employees with a low and medium level of education in the Netherlands

  Total              
   Gender (n = 221)   Age (n = 216)   Education (n = 222)   BMI (n = 211)
   Men Women   <  40 years ≥ 40 years   Low Medium   Healthy Overweight Obese  
1. SPFL
M 3.37 3.26 3.57   3.25 3.47   3.37 3.38   3.36 3.34 3.46  
SD .47 .42 .49   .50 .43   .46 .48   .48 .45 .51  
P-value     <.001    .001    .885     .484
1a. Examining Food Labels
M 2.27 2.16 2.45   2.19 2.34   2.20 2.33   2.17 2.33 2.55  
SD 1.19 1.11 1.30   1.18 1.20   1.15 1.23   1.19 1.15 1.25  
P-value     .081    .364    .423     .239
1b. Food Preparation Skills
M 3.70 3.57 3.91   3.61 3.80   3.60 3.78   3.82 3.57 3.65  
SD .80 .83 .69   .86 .71   .73 .84   .77 .81 .81  
P-value     .002    .082    .094     .112
1c. Healthy Food Stockpiling
M 2.97 2.85 3.21   2.80 3.11   2.94 3.00   2.90 2.98 3.19  
SD 1.11 1.06 1.13   1.14 1.07   1.03 1.18   1.18 1.02 1.15  
P-value     .018    .051    .688     .417
1d. Daily Food Planning
M 3.01 2.89 3.23   2.80 3.16   3.06 2.96   2.89 3.15 3.09  
SD 1.10 1.06 1.12   1.19 1.02   1.05 1.14   1.14 1.00 1.10  
P-value     .024    .018    .519     .272
1e. Healthy Budgeting
M 3.96 3.85 4.14   3.85 4.04   3.93 3.98   3.94 3.92 4.12  
SD .77 .83 .61   .82 .73   .81 .73   .72 .76 .90  
P-value     .005    .077    .677     .396
1 f. Social and Conscious Eating
M 3.85 3.72 4.04   3.54 4.03   3.88 3.82   3.70 3.93 4.02  
SD .82 .85 .73   .87 .72   .83 .81   .91 .69 .85  
P-value     .005    <.001    .589     .077
1 g. Resilience and Resistance
M 3.60 3.52 3.72   3.43 3.70   3.64 3.56   3.60 3.59 3.58  
SD .61 .58 .65   .65 .57   .62 .60   .68 .57 .55  
P-value     .018    .002    .370     .985
1 h. Healthy Snack Styles
M 3.14 3.04 3.33   3.16 3.16   3.11 3.18   3.14 3.06 3.24  
SD .83 .85 .77   .81 .86   .83 .84   .85 .79 .87  
P-value     .013    .977    .545     .512
2. HPL
M 3.11 3.08 3.15   3.02 3.17   3.12 3.10   3.14 3.06 3.19  
SD .40 .41 .38   .42 .38   .38 .42   .37 .48 .33  
P-value     .182    .010    .693     .237
2a. Health Promotion
M 3.10 3.10 3.10   3.05 3.14   3.08 3.13   3.16 3.07 3.08  
SD .44 .44 .44   .50 .40   .42 .46   .42 .50 .41  
P-value     .893    .183    .456     .427
2b. Disease Prevention
M 3.12 3.07 3.20   3.01 3.19   3.16 3.08   3.12 3.05 3.29  
SD .43 .45 .39   .43 .42   .42 .44   .38 .51 .35  
P-value     .021    .002    .180     .022
  1. P-value is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed)