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Table 3 Multivariate linear regression of the quality of life (QoL)

From: Determinants of the quality of life amongst HIV clinic attendees in Malang, Indonesia

  Unstandardized coefficients Standardized coefficients
  B SE β
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Age 0.27 0.13 0.08*
 Sex 0.75 0.65 0.04
 Educational level 0.61 0.35 0.06
 Marital Status (ref: Unmarried)
  a. married 1.03 0.64 0.06
  b. divorced −0.05 0.86 −0.003
  c. widowed 0.58 1.30 0.01
 Household income −0.00 0.29 0.00
 Working (ref: No) 1.70 0.83 0.07*
 Living area (ref: Urban) −1.74 0.54 −0.11**
 Accessibility of health care (ref: Difficult)
  a. easy 0.92 0.38 0.08**
  b. very easy 0.94 0.36 0.04*
Medication variables
 Adherence to medication 1.99 0.61 0.12**
 CD4 count −0.17 0.41 −0.01
 Length of ART (ref: ≤1.99) 1.95 0.74 0.13**
 Length of diagnosis with HIV −0.13 0.14 −0.05
Stigma subscales
 Stigma: personalized −0.61 0.18 −0.13**
 Stigma: disclosure −0.34 0.17 − 0.07*
 Stigma: public attitudes − 0.14 0.16 − 0.03
 Stigma: self-image −1.05 0.19 − 0.19***
Social support 0.42 0.05 0.29***
  1. Adjusted R2 = 0.21; * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001
  2. ART adherence to antiretroviral therapy; CD4 cluster difference 4; HIV human immunodeficiency virus