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Table 4 The bivariable and multivariable multilevel binary logistic regression analysis of factors associated with HIV testing in East Africa in the final model

From: Prevalence and associated factors of HIV testing among reproductive-age women in eastern Africa: multilevel analysis of demographic and health surveys

Variables Ever tested for HIV COR(95%CI) AOR(95%CI)
Yes No
Respondent age
 15–19 15383 24122 1 1
 20–24 25379 8738 4.70 (4.55, 4.86) 3.67 (3.53, 3.82)*
 25–29 25, 043 6664 6.33 (6.11, 6.55) 5.36 (5.12, 5.61)*
 30–34 21074 5882 6.23 (6.01, 6.47) 5.49 (5.23, 5.76)*
 35–39 16333 5521 5.20 (5.00, 5.40) 4.77 (4.54, 5.01)*
 40–44 11673 4714 4.16 (3.99, 4.33) 4.12 (3.91, 4.34)*
 45–49 7860 4827 2.78 (2.66, 2.90) 3.03 (2.87, 3.20)*
Visiting health facility
 No 34413 37624 1 1
 Yes 74386 20401 4.06 (3.97, 4.15) 2.67 (2.60, 2.74)*
Highest educational level
 No education 17747 15253 1 1
 Primary education 61029 28085 1.84 (1.79, 1.89) 2.30 (2.22, 2.38)*
 Secondary education 35471 15781 1.81 (1.76, 1.87) 2.39 (2.29, 2.50)*
 Higher education 8488 1347 4.58 (4.31, 4.87) 3.13 (2.89, 3.39)*
Wealth status
 Poorest 20082 12353 1 1
 Poorer 21473 12245 1.25 (1.21, 1.29) 0.97 (0.93 1.02)
 Middle 22840 12054 1.38 (1.33, 1.43) 0.98 (0.93 1.02)
 Rich 25606 11585 1.56 (1.51, 1.61) 0. 93 (0.89, 0.97)*
 Richest 32745 12231 1.71 (1.66, 1.76) 0.80 (0.76, 0.84)*
Marital statues
 Married 69948 24745 1.99 (1.95, 2.03) 1.32 (1.28, 1.36)*
 Unmarried 52799 35722 1 1
No of sexual partner
 One 52493 19907 1 1
 More than one 70254 40560 0.55 (0.54, 0.56) 0.64 (0.62 0.66)*
HIV knowledge
 Low knowledge 7414 9619 1 1
 Higher knowledge 49482 22146 6.9 (6.69, 7.11) 6.44 (6.21, 6.68)*
 Comprehensive knowledge 65773 15416 12.6 (12.20, 13.01) 10.7 (10.29 11.12)*
Stigma indicator
 Higher stigma 4375 3194 1.05 (1.01, 1.11) 1.56 (1.46, 1.66)*
 Moderate stigma 25817 8414 2.30 (2.24, 2.37) 2.24 (2.16, 2.32)*
 Low stigma 27813 7799 2.68 (2.61, 2.76) 2.27 (2.19, 2.35)*
 No stigma 4905 1056 1 1
Residence
 Urban 38964 12404 1 1
 Rural 83783 48063 0.66 (0.64, 0.67) 0.69 (0.67, 0.72)*
Risky sexual behavior
 Higher risk 7119 1805 2.21 (2.10, 2.33) 1.78 (1.67, 1.90)*
 Some risk 15518 4636 1.80 (1.74, 1.87) 1.59 (1.53, 1.66)*
 No risk 86043 43784 1 1
Age at sex
 Before 20 years 79591 29772 1 1
 At 20 and above years 35500 9309 8.66 (8.37, 8.96) 0.67 (0.65, 0.69)*
Community illiteracy level
 Low 64381 26126 1 1
 High 58366 34341 0.52 (0.48, 0.55) 0.73 (0.68, 0.78)*
  1. *p ≤ 0.05