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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the samples, with data combined across all included survey years

From: Who engages in the arts in the United States? A comparison of several types of engagement using data from The General Social Survey

  Events
n = 8684
Activities
n = 4372
Groups
n = 4268
Interested
non-attendees
n = 2061
  Percentage
Female 53% 53% 56% 53%
Race/ethnicity
 White 78% 81% 81% 70%
 Black 14% 12% 12% 20%
 Other 8% 7% 7% 10%
Marital status
 Married 55% 56% 60% 50%
 Separated/divorced/widowed 21% 21% 20% 25%
 Never married 24% 23% 20% 25%
Employment status
 Employed 63% 65% 62% 57%
 Unemployed/not working 6% 5% 6% 7%
 Retired 15% 13% 14% 17%
 Keeping house 10% 11% 12% 12%
 Other 6% 6% 6% 7%
Family income
 $0–$9999 18% 17% 16% 28%
 $10,000–$19,999 21% 21% 21% 24%
 $20,000–$29,999 18% 20% 17% 16%
 $30,000–$49,999 23% 21% 23% 21%
 $50,000+ 20% 21% 23% 11%
Satisfaction with financial situation
 Not satisfied at all 28% 27% 34%
 More or less satisfied 44% 44% 44%
 Pretty well satisfied 28% 29% 22%
Social class
 Lower class 7% 5% 6% 13%
 Working class 46% 45% 43% 54%
 Middle class 44% 46% 48% 32%
 Upper class 3% 4% 3% 1%
General health rating
 Excellent 28% 32% 21%
 Good 47% 47% 42%
 Fair 19% 16% 28%
 Poor 6% 5% 9%
Level of urbanicity
 Med-large city (50,000+) 31% 31% 29% 31%
 Suburb 35% 36% 33% 29%
 Unincorporated area 13% 9% 15% 18%
 Small city or town 11% 14% 11% 9%
 Smaller areas or country 10% 10% 12% 13%
 Feels afraid in neighborhood 34% 38% 31%
Mean (SE)
Age 46.61 (0.23) 44.80 (0.33) 45.92 (0.34) 49.14 (0.52)
Years of education 13.44 (0.05) 13.20 (0.07) 13.55 (0.06) 12.55 (0.11)
Parental years of education 12.07 (0.06) 11.85 (0.09) 12.11 (0.09) 11.26 (0.15)
Household size 2.85 (0.02) 2.84 (0.03) 2.88 (0.03) 2.94 (0.06)
  1. Note. Results based on 50 multiply imputed data sets. Events includes participants from survey years 1993, 1998, 2002, 2012, and 2016. Activities includes participants from 1993, 1998, and 2002. Groups includes participants from 1993, 1994, 2004, and 2010. Interested non-attendees includes participants from 2012 and 2016. SE = standard error