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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis for choice of medical facility after coughing (N = 452)

From: Health seeking behavior and associated factors among individuals with cough in Yiwu, China: a population-based study

Characteristics Choice of Medical Facility Crude OR P value Adjusted OR P value
Community health service center and below N (%) hospital at county level and above N (%)
Age
 15-24y 61 (70.9) 25 (29.1) Ref   Ref  
 25-64y 207 (77.5) 60 (22.5) 0.71 (0.41,1.22) 0.215 0.84 (0.39,1.81) 0.649
 ≥65y 64 (64.6) 35 (35.4) 1.33 (0.72,2.49) 0.363 2.72 (0.90,8.20) 0.075
Residence
 Urban 162 (65.6) 85 (34.4) Ref   Ref  
 Rural 170 (82.9) 35 (17.1) 0.39 (0.25,0.62) < 0.001 0.33 (0.21,0.54) < 0.001
Sex
 Male 135 (69.2) 60 (30.8) Ref   Ref  
 Female 197 (76.7) 60 (23.3) 0.69 (0.45,1.04) 0.077 0.57 (0.36,0.92) 0.021
Occupation
 Student 27 (67.5) 13 (32.5) Ref   Ref  
 Unemployed 112 (72.7) 42 (27.3) 0.78 (0.37,1.65) 0.514 0.73 (0.22,2.41) 0.61
 Business/service personnel 76 (73.8) 27 (26.2) 0.74 (0.33,1.63) 0.453 0.65 (0.21,2.04) 0.457
 Professional 78 (77.2) 23 (22.8) 0.61 (0.27,1.38) 0.235 0.43 (0.14,1.31) 0.137
 Farmers and workers 39 (72.2) 15 (27.8) 0.80 (0.33,1.95) 0.621 0.74 (0.20,2.80) 0.659
Education
 Primary school and below 99 (73.9) 35 (26.1) Ref   Ref  
 Middle school 171 (76) 54 (24) 0.89 (0.55,1.46) 0.653 1.44 (0.69,3.01) 0.332
 College and above 62 (66.7) 31 (33.3) 1.41 (0.79,2.52) 0.24 3.29 (1.35,8.02) 0.009
Child under 5
 No 206 (71) 84 (29) Ref   Ref  
 Yes 126 (77.8) 36 (22.2) 0.70 (0.45,1.10) 0.12 0.75 (0.42,1.34) 0.33
Household income (yuan)
 < 1 00,000 203 (75.2) 67 (24.8) Ref   Ref  
 100,000—199,999 100 (74.6) 34 (25.4) 1.03 (0.64,1.66) 0.903 0.98 (0.55,1.75) 0.937
 ≥ 200,000 28 (59.6) 19 (40.4) 2.06 (1.08,3.92) 0.028 1.74 (0.80,3.79) 0.161
Smoking status
 No 184 (70.8) 76 (29.2) Ref   Ref  
 Yes 148 (77.1) 44 (22.9) 0.72 (0.47,1.11) 0.134 0.73 (0.45,1.18) 0.193
Chronic disease
 No 210 (73.7) 75 (26.3) Ref   Ref  
 Yes 122 (73.1) 45 (26.9) 1.03 (0.67,1.59) 0.884 0.63 (0.35,1.14) 0.123
Duration of cough (week)
 ≤ 2 284 (76.3) 88 (23.7) Ref   Ref  
 3–8 35 (62.5) 21 (37.5) 1.94 (1.07,3.50) 0.029 2.35 (1.19,4.61) 0.014
 > 8 13 (54.2) 11 (45.8) 2.73 (1.18,6.31) 0.019 3.13 (1.24,7.90) 0.016
Number of accompanying symptoms
 0 69 (71.9) 27 (28.1) Ref   Ref  
 1 131 (73.2) 48 (26.8) 0.94 (0.54,1.63) 0.816 1.25 (0.66,2.36) 0.502
 ≥ 2 132 (74.6) 45 (25.4) 0.87 (0.50,1.52) 0.629 1.14 (0.59,2.18) 0.704