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Table 1 Baseline characteristics by intervention group

From: Process evaluation of the Sophia Step Study- a primary care based three-armed randomized controlled trial using self-monitoring of steps with and without counseling in prediabetes and type 2 diabetes

  Group A Group B Group C Total
  n = 64 n = 59 n = 65 n = 188
Age, years 64.2 (6.8) 65.1 (7.3) 63.1 (8.7) 64.1 (7.7)
Female, % 44% 41% 37% 40%
Prediabetes, % 20% 19% 26% 22%
Diabetes durationa, years 9.4 (7.1) 7.8 (5.1) 7.2 (4.8) 8.2 (6.0)
Daily smoker 7% 10% 6% 7%
University education 49% 43% 61% 51%
Living with partner 75% 71% 70% 72%
Body Mass Index, kg/m2 30.3 (4.1) 28.6 (4.5) 30.3 (4.7) 30.1 (4.4)
Accelerometer wear time, min/dayb 838.8 (92.3) 835.6 (59.6) 839.4 (65.0) 838.0 (74.1)
Steps/dayb 6532 (2892) 6605 (3293) 6561 (3122) 6566 (3086)
> 5000 steps/dayb 68% 67% 60% 65%
> 7000 steps/dayb 41% 42% 39% 41%
Vegetables, daily servings 1.4 (0.8) 1.5 (1.1) 1.7 (1.1) 1.5 (1.0)
Percentage whole wheat bread of consumed bread 80 (28) 82 (31) 80 (28) 81 (29)
Cooking fat quality, mostly butter 33% 27% 21% 27%
  1. The table presents mean (standard deviation) or proportion (%). The number of participants vary with 1–2 for some variables due to missing data
  2. aOnly participants diagnosed with type 2 diabetes
  3. bBaseline accelerometry data were available for 163 participants