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Table 3 Pesaran [71] CD test for cross-sectional dependence

From: Is industrial pollution detrimental to public health? Evidence from the world’s most industrialised countries

Variables CD test p-value
DEA 27.876*** 0.000
CO2 49.870*** 0.000
NIT 18.372*** 0.000
GDP 93.776*** 0.000
PHY 39.419*** 0.000
URB 91.624*** 0.000
WAT 19.473*** 0.000
SAN 4.234*** 0.000
SCH 39.806*** 0.000
  1. Notes: Under the null hypothesis of cross-section independence, CD ~ N(0,1) P-values close to zero indicate data are correlated across panel groups. *** indicates rejection of the null hypothesis at the 1% significance level