Skip to main content

Table 5 Spearman’s rank correlation test between MPOWER score and percentage change in tobacco smoking behaviours in 10 GATS countries (aggregate data)

From: Changes in adult smoking behaviours in ten global adult tobacco survey (GATS) countries during 2008–2018 - a test of ‘hardening’ hypothesis’

  Men Women Both sexes
coefficient p-value coefficient p-value coefficient p-value
Daily smoking −0.239 0.506 0.387 0.270 0.104 0.774
Non-daily smoking −0.374 0.287 −0.509 0.133 −0.534 0.112
Current smoking −0.129 0.723 0.325 0.359 0.068 0.853
Quit ratio − 0.472 0.168 − 0.620 0.056 −0.571 0.085
Prevalence of HCS among current smokers (HCSs%) 0.534 0.112 0.804 0.005 0.644 0.044
Cigarettes per day −0.153 0.672 0.546 0.103 0.264 0.461
Prevalence of HCS entire sample (HCSp%) 0.055 0.880 0.288 0.419 0.632 0.050