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Table 1 Components, their definition and score range of WHO’s MPOWER composite score

From: Changes in adult smoking behaviours in ten global adult tobacco survey (GATS) countries during 2008–2018 - a test of ‘hardening’ hypothesis’

Component Definition Score range
M Monitor tobacco use and prevention policies 1–4
P Protect people from tobacco smoke 2–5
O Offer help to quit tobacco use 2–5
W Warn about the dangers of tobacco 2–5
E Enforce bans on tobacco advertising, promotion, and sponsorship 2–5
R Raise taxes on tobacco 2–5