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Table 3 Multiple logistic regression model for the determinants of health literacy categories

From: Health literacy levels and its determinants among people with asthma in Malaysian primary healthcare settings: a cross-sectional study

Variables Beta SE Odds ratio 95% CI P-value
Lower Upper
Age
  < 40 Ref      
  > 40 −0.119 0.242 0.888 0.553 1.425 0.621
Educational attainment
 No formal education or primary education Ref
 Secondary level −1.200 0.234 0.301 0.190 0.476 < 0.001*
 Tertiary level −2.184 0.287 0.113 0.064 0.198 < 0.001*
Household income
  < 3000 Ref
  > 3000 0.275 0.274 1.317 0.769 2.254 0.316
On preventer medications
 No Ref
 Yes 0.001 0.215 1.001 0.657 1.525 0.996
Family history of asthma
 No Ref
 Yes 0.426 0.202 1.532 1.032 2.274 0.034*
Other medical condition
 No Ref
 Yes −0.113 0.212 0.893 0.590 1.353 0.594
Duration of asthma (years)
  < 20 Ref
  > 20 −0.416 0.193 0.659 0.452 0.963 0.031*
Education on the asthma action plan
 No Ref
 Yes −0.912 0.225 0.402 0.259 0.624 < 0.001*
  1. Notes: SE standard errors, CI confidence interval; p-value significant of less than 0.05*, Ref reference group