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Table 1 Descriptive Data by Influenza Vaccination, 2019 BRFSSa

From: Structural inequities in seasonal influenza vaccination rates

N (weighted %)b
N = 279,590 Total Percentage who Received Influenza Vaccine Did not Receive Influenza Vaccine P value
Age, median (IQR) 47 (47, 47) 54 (54, 54) 42 (42, 43) < 0.001
Sex     < 0.001
 Female 144,515 (48.5) 77,208 (46.8) 67,307 (53.3)  
 Male 135,075 (51.5) 63,099 (39.7) 71,976 (60.3)  
Race     < 0.001
 NH-White 221,628 (65.8) 116,332 (46.4) 105,296 (53.6)  
 NH-Black 20,555 (11.3) 8757 (36.6) 11,798 (63.4)  
 Hispanic 18,896 (14.9) 7116 (34.4) 11,780 (65.6)  
 Other race 1871 (0.5) 786 (36.7) 1085 (63.3)  
 Asian 5516 (5.0) 2594 (44.1) 2922 (55.9)  
 American Indian / Alaska Native 4439 (1.0) 1930 (36.5) 2509 (63.5)  
 Multiracial 5728 (1.4) 2425 (39.6) 3303 (60.4)  
 Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 957 (0.2) 367 (37.1) 590 (62.9)  
Education     < 0.001
 Less than high school 15,832 (10.4) 6327 (35.0) 9505 (65.0)  
 High school graduate 70,399 (26.5) 30,613 (37.0) 39,786 (63.0)  
 Some college 79,372 (32.0) 37,675 (41.5) 41,697 (58.6)  
 College graduate or more 113,987 (31.1) 65,692 (52.9) 48,295 (47.1)  
Income     < 0.001
  < $25,000 64,505 (23.4) 28,849 (38.7) 35,656 (61.3)  
 $25 – $49,999 66,918 (22.4) 32,325 (40.5) 34,593 (59.5)  
 $50 – $74,999 46,251 (15.4) 23,425 (42.7) 22,826 (57.3)  
  ≥ $75,000 101,916 (38.7) 55,708 (47.6) 46,208 (52.5)  
Divisionsc     < 0.001
  New England 30,529 (4.5) 17,032 (49.9) 13,497 (50.1)  
 Middle Atlantic 13,740 (10.0) 7023 (46.5) 6717 (53.5)  
 East North Central 30,472 (15.9) 14,916 (41.5) 15,556 (58.5)  
 West North Central 51,465 (7.0) 26,979 (46.9) 24,486 (53.1)  
 South Atlantic 49,743 (20.0) 25,157 (43.1) 24,586 (56.9)  
 East South Central 17,111 (5.8) 8091 (41.2) 9020 (58.9)  
 West South Central 19,033 (12.0) 9384 (41.0) 9649 (59.0)  
 Mountain 38,722 (7.7) 18,258 (41.4) 20,464 (58.6)  
 Pacific 28,775 (17.1) 13,467 (42.4) 15,308 (57.6)  
Health Insurance     < 0.001
 Yes 258,317 (88.7) 135,989 (46.3) 122,328 (53.7)  
 No 21,273 (11.3) 4318 (18.6) 16,955 (81.4)  
Primary Care Doctor     < 0.001
 Yes 234,026 (78.0) 128,929 (48.9) 105,097 (51.1)  
 No 45,564 (22.0) 11,378 (22.6) 34,186 (77.4)  
Delayed Care due to Cost     < 0.001
 No 251,177 (87.3) 130,907 (45.3) 120,270 (54,7)  
 Yes 28,413 (12.7) 9400 (28.5) 19,013 (71.5)  
Asthma     < 0.001
 No 240,107 (85.2) 119,322 (42.6) 120,785 (57.5)  
 Yes 39,483 (14.8) 20,985 (46.6) 18,498 (53.4)  
CVD     < 0.001
 No 247,031 (91.5) 120,489 (42.0) 126,542 (58.1)  
 Yes 32,559 (8.5) 19,818 (56.0) 12,741 (44.0)  
Hypertension     < 0.001
 No 166,058 (67.2) 74,164 (38.6) 91,894 (61.4)  
 Yes 113,532 (32.8) 66,143 (52.5) 47,389 (47.5)  
BMI     < 0.001
 Normal/underweight 87,245 (32.5) 42,587 (41.9) 44,658 (58.1)  
 Overweight 100,609 (35.7) 50,953 (43.3) 49,656 (56.7)  
 Obese 91,736 (31.8) 46,767 (44.3) 44,969 (55.7)  
Cancer     < 0.001
 No 228,301 (87.5) 107,429 (40.7) 120,872 (59.3)  
 Yes 51,289 (12.5) 32,878 (60.2) 18,411 (39.8)  
Diabetes     < 0.001
 No 240,133 (88.6) 115,718 (41.3) 124,415 (58.8)  
 Yes 39,457 (11.4) 24,589 (57.8) 14,868 (42.2)  
  1. Notes: Boldface indicates statistical significance p < 0.05
  2. a Includes data from the 2019 BRFSS annual survey. Analysis excludes US territories
  3. b Data represents N (weighted percentage) unless otherwise noted
  4. c West North Central division includes: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota. New England division includes: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Middle Atlantic includes: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. South Atlantic division includes: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia. Mountain division includes: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, New Mexico, Montana, Utah, Nevada, and Wyoming. Pacific division includes: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. East North Central division includes: Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin. East South Central division includes: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee. West South Central division includes: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas