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Table 1 Non-parametric test results for socio-demographic variables and the IES-R dimensions and the GAD-7

From: Incidence of PTSD and generalized anxiety symptoms during the first wave of COVID-19 outbreak: an exploratory study of a large sample of the Italian population

  N(%) IES_RI
Mdn (IQR)
IES_RA
Mdn (IQR)
IES_RH
Mdn (IQR)
GAD-7
Mdn (IQR)
Gendera
 Male 342(28.6) 6.00(8.00)** 6.00(7.00)** 4.00(7.00)** 4.00(6.00)**
 Female 851(71.2) 10.00(9.00)** 10.00(9.00)** 8.00(8.00)** 7.00(7.00)**
Chronic Diseasesb
 Yes 234(19.58) 10.00(10.00) 10.00(8.00) 8.00(9.00) 6.50(8.00)
 No 961(80.41) 9.00(9.00) 9.00(9.00) 7.00(9.00) 6.00(6.00)
Immunosuppressed/Immunocompromised
 Yes 59(5.38) 11.00(8.00)* 10.00(7.75) 8.00(7.00) 7.00(8.00)
 No 1036(94.61) 9.00(9.00)* 9.00(9.00) 7.00(9.00) 6.00(7.00)
Caring for a person with immune deficitsa
 Yes 139(11.63) 10.00(10.25) 9.00(10.00) 8.00(9.00) 7.00(7.00)
 No 1056(88.61) 9.00(9.00) 9.00(9.00) 7.00(8.75) 6.00(7.00)
Educationa
 Primary 4(0.36) NA NA NA NA
 Middle School 68(6.21) 9.00(10.00) 9.00(10.00) 6.00(7.50) 4.00(7.75)
 High School 457(41.73) 10.00(10.00) 10.00(8.00)** 7.00(9.00) 6.00(7.00)
 Bachelor 109(9.95) 9.00(9.00) 9.00(8.00) 8.00(9.00) 7.00(8.00)
 Postgraduate (MS, …) 291(26.57) 10.00(10.00) 9.50(8.00)** 7.00(8.00) 6.00(6.00)
 Doctoral or similar 166(15.15) 8.00(7.75) 8.00(6.00)** 6.00(7.75) 6.00(6.00)
Marital Statusb
 With partner   9.00(10.00) 9.00(8.00)* 7.00(8.00) 5.00(6.00)*
 With no partner   9.00(9.00) 10.00(8.00)* 7.00(8.00) 6.00(7.00)*
 Other 89(7.49) 8.00(9.00) 9.00(8.00) 6.00(7.00) 8.00(5.50)*
Parenthoodb
 Yes 458(38.32) 9.50(9.00) 8.50(8.00)* 6.50(7.00)* 5.00(6.50)
 No 737(61.67) 9.00(9.00) 10.00(8.00)* 7.00(8.00)* 6.00(7.00)
  1. Notes: * indicates p < .05; ** indicates p < .001; a refers to Kruskal-Wallis’ test H; b to Mann-Whitney’s Test U