Skip to main content

Table 5 Comparison of psychiatric morbidity, physical health, and sexual health of Non-Violent and Violent Men in surveys (n = 2656)

From: Interpersonal violence in a deprived Scottish urban area with aggregations of physical health risks and psychiatric morbidity: an ecological study

  Non-Violent men Violent men Violent men
National
N = 1242 (46.8%)
Glasgow east
N = 470 (17.7%)
National
N = 655 (69.4%)
Glasgow east
N = 289 (30.6%)
National cf. Glasgow East
Psychiatric Morbidity N(%) N(%) Model 1
AOR(95%CI)
N(%) Model 1
AOR(95%CI)
N(%) Model 1
AOR(95%CI)
Model 1
AOR(95%CI)
Model 2
AOR(95%CI)a
Psychosis (PSQ ≥ 3) 9(0.7) 6(1.3) 1.97 (0.70–5.53) 28(4.4) 6.90*** (3.18–14.97) 20(7.0) 10.90*** (4.83–24.58) 1.58 (0.87–2.87) 0.92 (0.46–1.85)
Anxiety# 85(6.9) 42(9.1) 1.26 (0.84–1.89) 115(17.8) 3.29*** (2.40–4.52) 64(22.2) 3.96*** (2.71–5.79) 1.20 (0.83–1.73) 1.08 (0.68–1.70)
Depression# 82(6.7) 35(7.6) 1.05 (0.68–1.63) 51(7.9) 0.78 (0.52–1.16) 29(10.1) 0.94 (0.58–1.52) 1.19 (0.71–2.00) 0.95 (0.50–1.79)
Hazardous drinking 328(27.4) 173(39.1) 1.71*** (1.36–2.15) 249(41.1) 1.78*** (1.45–2.19) 106(39.8) 1.72*** (1.30–2.26) 0.96 (0.72–1.29) 0.96 (0.67–1.36)
Alcohol abuse 63(5.3) 18(4.1) 0.78 (0.46–1.33) 64(10.6) 2.09*** (1.45–3.01) 24(9.0) 1.73* (1.05–2.83) 0.84 (0.51–1.38) 0.86 (0.48–1.55)
Alcohol dependence 54(4.4) 25(5.4) 1.22 (0.75–1.98) 77(12.1) 3.02*** (2.10–4.35) 59(21.4) 5.92*** (3.98–8.80) 1.98*** (1.36–2.87) 1.70* (1.06–2.71)
Drug abuse 84(7.0) 48(10.9) 1.64* (1.13–2.37) 130(21.3) 3.52*** (2.62–4.73) 72(28.6) 5.27*** (3.71–7.50) 1.48* (1.06–2.07) 1.37 (0.91–2.06)
Drug dependence 7(0.6) 9(1.9) 3.51* (1.28–9.58) 34(5.3) 11.70*** (5.07–26.99) 38(13.5) 30.28*** (13.16–69.71) 2.62*** (1.61–4.27) 1.94* (1.04–3.61)
Antisocial personality disorder 66(5.4) 16(3.4) 0.61 (0.35–1.07) 192(30.8) 8.41*** (6.20–11.40) 119(42.2) 13.32*** (9.43–18.82) 1.60** (1.19–2.14) 1.20 (0.85–1.71)
Suicide attempt 43(3.5) 13(2.8) 0.77 (0.41–1.45) 70(11.0) 3.59*** (2.41–5.35) 34(12.0) 3.88*** (2.42–6.21) 1.09 (0.70–1.68) 0.78 (0.46–1.32)
Physical health
 Poor/fair 119(9.7) 83(17.8) 1.98*** (1.46–2.69) 90(14.0) 1.76** (1.27–2.29) 80(27.8) 3.83*** (2.77–5.30) 2.24*** (1.58–3.16) 1.87** (1.21–2.88)
 Longstanding condition 61(4.9) 41(8.8) 1.77** (1.17–2.69) 52(8.0) 2.02*** (1.36–2.98) 53(18.6) 4.81*** (3.21–7.19) 2.38*** (1.56–3.64) 1.09 (0.67–1.78)
 Serious/life threatening injury 21(1.7) 7(1.5) 0.82 (0.34–1.97) 31(4.7) 3.30*** (1.87–5.83) 28(9.7) 6.62*** (3.68–11.89) 2.00* (1.17–3.42) 2.10* (1.03–4.27)
 High fat/low fibre diet 70(5.6) 31(6.6) 1.22 (0.79–1.87) 51(7.8) 1.32 (0.93–1.88) 43(14.9) 2.81*** (1.88–4.20) 2.18*** (1.41–3.37) 2.10** (1.21–3.64)
 Lack of exercise 136(11.0) 54(11.5) 1.04 (0.75–1.46) 47(7.2) 0.66* (0.46–0.93) 39(13.5) 1.30 (0.89–1.90) 2.00** (1.27–3.13) 1.41 (0.80–2.51)
 Smoking ≥15/day 136(11.0) 87(18.5) 2.13*** (1.58–2.86) 77(12.0) 2.89*** (2.31–3.63) 62(21.5) 3.95*** (2.89–5.41) 2.02*** (1.40–2.92) 2.35*** (1.47–3.74)
 Obesity 146(13.6) 53(12.3) 0.87 (0.62–1.22) 61(11.0) 0.90 (0.65–1.24) 32(12.4) 0.93 (0.61–1.40) 1.08 (0.68–1.72) 0.92 (0.54–1.58)
  Mean(SD) Mean(SD) β(95%CI) Mean(SD) β(95%CI) Mean(SD) β (95%CI) Model 1 β (95%CI) Model 2 β (95%CI)
Height (cm) 175.9(7.4) 174.6(7.3) −1.29** (−2.12- -0.45) 177.0(7.7) 1.13** (0.36–1.90) 173.8(8.1) −2.06*** (−3.07- -1.04) −3.25*** (−4.40- -2.11) − 2.74*** (−4.11- -1.37)
Sexual health   N(%) AOR(95%CI) N(%) AOR(95%CI) N(%) AOR(95%CI) Model 1 AOR(95%CI) Model 2 AOR(95%CI)
STI 75(6.4) 38(8.4) 1.34 (0.89–2.01) 108(17.4) 3.17*** (2.31–4.35) 56(19.8) 3.68*** (2.53–5.35) 1.17 (0.82–1.67) 1.06 (0.69–1.62)
Anal sex 235(20.1) 37(8.0) 0.34*** (0.24–0.49) 184(30.2) 1.82*** (1.45–2.28) 65(23.0) 1.22 (0.89–1.66) 0.68* (0.49–0.94) 0.73 (0.49–1.07)
≥ 10 sex partners (past year) 27(2.4) 16(3.6) 1.49 (0.80–2.80) 48(7.8) 3.11*** (1.92–5.05) 19(6.9) 2.86*** (1.56–5.22) 0.94 (0.54–1.63) 0.87 (0.45–1.66)
Coercive sex 27(2.4) 5(1.2) 0.51 (0.20–1.28) 46(7.8) 3.25*** (1.99–5.30) 6(2.5) 0.94 (0.38–2.35) 0.30** (0.12–0.71) 0.25** (0.10–0.64)
Contraceptive sex rare/never 282(25.5) 77(17.4) 0.62** (0.47–0.82) 178(29.1) 1.24 (0.99–1.55) 59(20.9) 0.79 (0.57–1.08) 0.64** (0.46–0.89) 0.51*** (0.35–0.76)
≥ 10 prostitutes (ever) 67(5.4) 24(5.1) 0.94 (0.58–1.52) 58(8.9) 1.83*** (1.27–2.65) 28(9.7) 1.91** (1.20–3.04) 1.04 (0.64–1.68) 1.18 (0.65–2.14)
Sex usually intoxicated 145(13.1) 76(20.1) 1.69*** (1.24–2.29) 173(29.0) 2.61*** (2.03–3.35) 131(53.5) 7.42*** (5.46–10.08) 2.84*** (2.09–3.87) 2.84*** (1.95–4.15)
Sex > 1 person 185(15.8) 43(9.3) 0.54** (0.38–0.76) 231(37.1) 3.31*** (2.63–4.17) 87(30.5) 2.41*** (1.79–3.25) 0.73* (0.54–0.98) 0.71 (0.50–1.02)
Sex with men 67(5.6) 8(1.7) 0.31** (0.15–0.64) 30(4.7) 0.84 (0.54–1.31) 2(0.7) 0.11** (0.02–0.47) 0.13** (0.03–0.60) 0.14* (0.03–0.65)
  1. Model 1 Adjusted for age
  2. Model 2 Adjusted for age, unemployment, IMDR
  3. # Adjusted for anxiety or depression