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Table 4 Comparisons of Daily Living and Stressful Experiences among Non-Violent and Violent men (n = 2656)

From: Interpersonal violence in a deprived Scottish urban area with aggregations of physical health risks and psychiatric morbidity: an ecological study

  Non-Violent men Violent men Violent men
National
N = 1242 (46.8%)
Glasgow east
N = 470 (17.7%)
National
N = 655 (69.4%)
Glasgow east
N = 289 (30.6%)
National cf.
Glasgow East
N(%) N(%) Model 1
AOR(95%CI)
N(%) Model 1
AOR(95%CI)
N(%) Model 1
AOR(95%CI)
Model 1
AOR(95%CI)
Model 2
AOR(95%CI)a
Daily Living
 Close relationship 763(65.1) 234(50.9) 0.53*** (0.43–0.67) 362(57.4) 0.81* (0.66–0.99) 131(45.8) 0.47*** (0.36–0.61) 0.59*** (0.44–0.79) 0.54*** (0.39–0.77)
 Lives alone 173(13.9) 129(27.4) 2.31*** (1.77–3.00) 94(14.4) 1.21 (0.92–1.60) 71(24.6) 2.14*** (1.56–2.95) 1.74** (1.21–2.48) 1.17 (0.75–1.80)
 Moved home past year 337(27.6) 67(14.6) 0.45*** (0.33–0.60) 222(34.2) 1.34** (1.09–1.65) 68(23.7) 0.81 (0.60–1.09) 0.59*** (0.43–0.82) 0.49*** (0.34–0.71)
Stressful Experiences
 Homelessness 45(3.6) 35(7.4) 2.12*** (1.34–3.35) 102(15.6) 5.43*** (3.75–7.86) 67(23.2) 8.42*** (5.60–12.66) 1.54* (1.09–2.19) 1.06 (0.69–1.62)
 Separation 75(6.0) 48(10.2) 1.71** (1.17–2.52) 64(9.8) 2.04*** (1.43–2.90) 42(14.5) 2.81*** (1.86–4.23) 1.40 (0.91–2.14) 1.08* (1.02–3.02)
 Serious money problems 137(11.0) 61(13.0) 1.15 (0.83–1.60) 191(29.2) 3.98*** (3.09–5.12) 94(32.5) 4.27*** (3.13–5.82) 1.07 (0.78–1.45) 0.91 (0.63–1.32)
Peer group
 Friends encourage crime 32(2.7) 32(7.1) 2.77*** (1.67–4.58) 130(21.5) 9.63*** (6.43–14.41) 70(25.8) 12.35*** (7.91–19.28) 1.28 (0.91–1.79) 1.09 (0.73–1.64)
 Friends encourage drugs 160(12.9) 79(16.8) 1.37* (1.02–1.84) 250(38.2) 4.03*** (3.20–5.08) 149(51.6) 7.17*** (5.39–9.54) 1.78*** (1.34–2.35) 1.67** (1.19–2.34)
Employment
 No educational qualification 101(8.1) 90(19.1) 2.63*** (1.93–3.58) 100(15.3) 2.19*** (1.63–2.95) 81(28.0) 4.58*** (3.29–6.36) 2.09*** (1.50–2.93) 1.25(0.82–1.89)
 NEET 149(12.4) 148(32.8) 3.45*** (2.66–4.48) 128(20.5) 1.83*** (1.41–2.38) 148(52.3) 7.78*** (5.82–10.40) 4.21*** (3.10–5.70) 4.21*** (2.44–7.25)
Leisure
 Partying 137(11.4) 29(6.3) 0.51** (0.34–0.78) 118(18.5) 1.50**(1.14–1.98) 44(15.5) 1.32 (0.91–1.92) 0.89 (0.60–1.31) 0.87 (0.55–1.37)
 Sports events 552(45.5) 262(56.6) 1.59*** (1.28–1.97) 323(51.5) 1.20 (0.98–1.45) 176(61.8) 1.89*** (1.45–2.47) 1.58** (1.18–2.11) 1.66** (1.18–2.35)
 Club/discos 144(11.6) 45(9.6) 0.79 (0.55–1.14) 137(20.9) 1.73*** (1.33–2.24) 42(14.5) 1.17 (0.80–1.71) 0.68* (0.46–1.00) 0.66 (0.42–1.03)
 Visit snooker/pool halls 69(5.7) 31(6.7) 1.17 (0.75–1.81) 54(8.7) 1.40 (0.96–2.03) 44(15.5) 2.88*** (1.92–4.32) 2.07*** (1.35–3.18) 2.40** (1.39–4.16)
  1. Model 1 Adjusted for age; Model 2 adjusted for age, unemployment, IMDR