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Table 2 Comparison of Characteristics of Violence in National and Glasgow East Surveys (n = 2656)

From: Interpersonal violence in a deprived Scottish urban area with aggregations of physical health risks and psychiatric morbidity: an ecological study

  All men (n = 2656)
National
N = 1897 (71.4%)
Glasgow east
N = 759 (28.6%)
National cf. Glasgow east
Model 1 Model 2
N % N % OR 95%CI OR 95%CI
Characteristic of violence
 Violence (past 5 years) 655 34.5 289 38.1 1.20* 1.00–1.43 0.98 0.80–1.21
 Gang fight 56 2.9 67 8.8 3.32*** 2.29–4.79 2.52*** 1.58–4.03
 Violence sports events 113 6.0 72 9.5 1.70*** 1.24–2.32 1.37 0.94–2.00
 5 or more fights 93 5.0 50 6.8 1.40 0.98–2.01 1.03 0.67–1.57
 Used a weapon (ever) 141 7.6 120 15.9 2.30*** 1.77–2.98 1.54* 1.11–2.13
Associated criminality/violence
 Previous Violence conviction 140 7.3 108 14.1 2.08*** 1.59–2.71 1.28 0.92–1.78
 Previous drugs 79 4.2 80 10.5 2.66*** 1.93–3.68 1.42 0.94–2.13
 Previous theft/burglary 85 4.5 66 8.7 1.97*** 1.41–2.75 1.15 0.76–1.76
 Carrying knife 106 5.5 84 11.0 2.14*** 1.59–2.90 1.33 0.91–1.92
 Gang member 20 1.1 12 1.6 1.49 0.72–3.08 1.28 0.53–3.13
 Ever in prison 68 3.6 88 11.6 3.37*** 2.43–4.70 1.89** 1.23–2.90
Attitude towards Violence
 Fear violent victimization 279 15.5 174 24.2 1.77*** 1.43–2.20 1.69*** 1.30–2.19
 Easily lose temper 208 11.6 127 18.4 1.73*** 1.36–2.20 1.30 0.97–1.74
 Violence due to disrespect 345 20.6 213 34.1 2.03*** 1.66–2.50 1.75*** 1.36–2.24
 Regretted violence 286 15.8 187 25.7 1.84*** 1.50–2.27 1.44** 1.11–1.86
 Excitement violence 118 6.4 68 9.2 1.51** 1.11–2.07 1.13 0.78–1.65
 Deliberate fights 77 4.1 51 6.8 1.74** 1.21–2.51 1.34 0.86–2.08
 Instrumental violence 141 7.6 120 15.9 2.30*** 1.77–2.98 1.54** 1.11–2.13
Victim of Violence
 Intimate partner 156 8.4 73 9.7 1.13 0.85–1.52 0.76 0.54–1.07
 Family member 71 3.8 52 6.9 1.90*** 1.31–2.74 1.39 0.88–2.20
 Friends 154 8.1 108 14.2 1.92*** 1.47–2.49 1.64** 1.18–2.28
 Known person 199 10.5 130 17.1 1.79*** 1.41–2.28 1.56** 1.16–2.09
 Stranger 349 18.5 120 15.8 0.84 0.67–1.06 0.78 0.60–1.02
 Police 53 2.8 21 2.8 1.01 0.60–1.68 0.65 0.36–1.19
Location
 Home 78 4.1 60 7.9 1.99*** 1.40–2.81 1.25 0.81–1.91
 Others’ home 78 4.1 107 14.1 3.91*** 2.88–5.31 2.32*** 1.59–3.40
 Street/Outside 377 19.9 155 20.4 1.04 0.85–1.29 0.94 0.73–1.20
 Bar/pub 281 14.9 117 15.4 1.05 0.83–1.33 1.06 0.80–1.41
 Others 31 1.6 11 1.4 0.77 0.49–1.20 0.72 0.43–1.19
Outcome
 Victim injury 307 16.2 158 20.8 1.37** 1.11–1.70 1.08 0.84–1.40
 Perpetrator injury 82 4.3 23 3.0 0.67 0.42–1.08 0.59 0.34–1.02
 Police called 185 9.8 73 9.6 0.98 0.74–1.31 0.73 0.52–1.02
  1. Model 1: Adjusted for age
  2. Model 2: Adjusted for age, unemployment, IMDR