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Table 2 Factors Associated with HIV Testing in the Year Prior to Enrollment of Adults at Risk for HIV in Kisumu, Kenya

From: Hepatitis and tuberculosis testing are much less common than HIV testing among adults in Kisumu, Kenya: results from a cross-sectional assessment

Characteristic Unadjusted Prevalence Ratio
(95% Confidence Interval)
p Adjusted Prevalence Ratio
(95% Confidence Interval)
p
Age
  ≤ 22 years Reference   
 23–29 years 1.06 (0.97, 1.15) 0.21  
  ≥ 30 years 0.99 (0.88, 1.11) 0.82  
Sex
 Male Reference   Reference  
 Female 1.08 (1.01, 1.17) 0.03 1.07 (0.96, 1.19) 0.23
Education Level
 Less than Secondary School Reference   Reference  
 Secondary School or Higher 1.10 (1.02, 1.19) 0.01 1.10 (1.02, 1.20) 0.02
Marital Status
 Single/Never Married Reference   
 Married/Cohabitating 0.97 (0.89, 1.07) 0.58  
Self-Assessed HIV Risk
 No Risk Reference   
 Some Risk 1.01 (0.89, 1.15) 0.85  
 High Risk 0.94 (0.81, 1.08) 0.40  
Alcohol Abuse
 No Reference   Reference  
 Yes 0.86 (0.72, 1.04) 0.12 0.89 (0.74, 1.07) 0.21
Income
  ≤ 9000 Reference   
  > 9000 0.998 (0.92, 1.08) 0.95  
Occupation
 All Other Occupations Reference   Reference  
 Sex Worker 1.03 (0.94, 1.13) 0.48 1.01 (0.90, 1.13) 0.86
 Fisherman 0.89 (0.78, 1.01) 0.07 0.96 (0.83, 1.10) 0.55
 Bar/Pub/Waitress 1.08 (0.96, 1.20) 0.20 1.06 (0.94, 1.20) 0.34
  1. Poisson regression with robust error variance was used to estimate prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals for factors potentially associated with prior testing for HIV in the year prior to study enrollment. Factors with p < 0.20 in unadjusted models were included in the adjusted model. Statistically significant (p < 0.05) prevalence ratios are shown in bold. Nine participants were excluded from the analysis through listwise deletion due to missing data for occupation and self-assessed HIV risk covariates