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Table 1 Characteristics of Study Participants, Stratified by History of Testing in the Year Prior to Enrollment

From: Hepatitis and tuberculosis testing are much less common than HIV testing among adults in Kisumu, Kenya: results from a cross-sectional assessment

Characteristic Tested for HIV
(n = 644)
p Tested for Hepatitis
(n = 671)
p Tested for Tuberculosis
(n = 671)
p
No Yes No Yes No Yes
(n = 127) (n = 517) (n = 667) (n = 4) (n = 654) (n = 17)
Age
  ≤ 22 years 48 (22) 174 (78) 0.29 225 (100) 0 0.14 219 (97) 6 (3) 1.00
 23–29 years 52 (17) 251 (83) 313 (99) 4 (1) 309 (97) 8 (3)
  ≥ 30 years 27 (23) 92 (77) 129 (100) 0 126 (98) 3 (2)
Sex
 Male 81 (23) 275 (77) 0.03 360 (99) 3 (1) 0.63 354 (98) 9 (2) 1.00
 Female 46 (16) 242 (84) 307 (100) 1(0) 300 (97) 8 (3)
HIV Status
 Living with HIV 52 (100) 0 1.00 47 (90) 5 (10)  
 Without HIV   615 (99) 4 (1) 607 (98) 12 (2)
Education Level
 Less than Secondary School 82 (23) 270 (77) 0.01 374 (100) 0 0.04 365 (98) 9 (2) 0.81
 Secondary School or Higher 45 (15) 247 (85) 293 (99) 4 (1) 289 (97) 8 (3)
Marital Status
 Single/Never Married 95 (19) 399 (81) 0.57 506 (100) 2 (0) 0.23 496 (98) 12 (2) 0.58
 Married/Cohabitating 32 (21) 118 (79) 161 (99) 2 (1) 158 (97) 5 (3)
Alcohol Abuse
 No 112 (19) 482 (81) 0.06 613 (99) 3 (1) 0.29 599 (97) 17 (3) 0.39
 Yes 15 (30) 35 (70) 54 (98) 1 (2) 55 (100) 0
Income
  ≤ 9000 KSh 64 (20) 262 (80) 0.95 339 (99) 3 (1) 0.62 331 (97) 11 (23) 0.38
  > 9000 KSh 63 (20) 255 (80)   328 (100) 1 (0) 323 (98) 6 (2)
Occupation
 Sex Worker 24 (17) 121 (83) 0.05 149 (99) 1 (1) 1.00 147 (98) 3 (2) 0.64
 Fisherman 32 (28) 82 (72) 118 (99) 1 (1) 117 (98) 2 (2)
 Bar/Pub/Waitress 8 (13) 53 (87) 64 (100) 0 61 (95) 3 (5)
 Other Employment 62 (19) 261 (81) 335 (99) 2 (1) 328 (97) 9 (3)
 Missing/Unknown* 1 (100) 0   1 (100) 0 1 (100) 0
Self-Assessed HIV Risk
 No Risk 11 (19) 48 (81) 0.22 59 (100) 0 0.40 56 (95) 3 (5) 0.002
 Some Risk 65 (18) 304 (82) 368 (100) 1 (0) 361 (98) 8 (2)
 High Risk 49 (24) 159 (76) 205 (99) 3 (1) 206 (99) 2 (1)
 Known to be living with HIV 0 0   27 (100) 0 23 (85) 4 (15)
 Missing/Unknown* 2 (25) 6 (75)   8 (100) 0 8 (100) 0
  1. * Participants with “missing/unknown” data were excluded from analyses of the missing variable
  2. †Twenty-seven participants were excluded from analyses of prior HIV testing because they were known to be living with HIV prior to enrollment in RV393 and repeated HIV testing is not indicated once the diagnosis has been established. For this reason, HIV status was not compared between groups with and without recent HIV testing
  3. Prior testing was dichotomized based on whether or not it had been conducted within the year prior to enrollment. All data are presented as n (row %). Comparisons were made between groups using Pearson’s Chi-square test or, in cases with small cell sizes, Fisher’s exact test. Statistically significant p-values (p ≤ 0.05) are in bold