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Table 4 The proportion of the type of pesticide used besides chlorpyrifos among the study population

From: Cumulative exposure characteristics of vegetable farmers exposed to Chlorpyrifos in Central Java – Indonesia; a cross-sectional study

Active ingredient Chemical class Utilisation Frequency (n %)
Mancozeb Carbamate Fungicide 87 (57.2)
Abamectin Avermectin Insecticide 57 (37.5)*
Difenoconazole Triazoles Fungicide 49 (32.2)
Emamectin Avermectin Insecticide 17 (11.2)
Lambdacyhalothrin Pyretroid Insecticide 14 (9.2)
Chlorfenapyr Pyrrole Insecticide 12 (7.9)
Beta-cyfluthrin Pyrethroid Insecticide 10 (6.6)
Lufenurona Benzamida Insecticide 9 (5.9)
Methomyl Carbamate Insecticide 9 (5.9)
Fipronil Phenylpyrazole Insecticide 7 (4.6)
Dimethoate Organophosphate Insecticide 6 (3.9)
Imidacloprid Neonicotinoid Insecticide 6 (3.9)
Propineb Carbamate Fungicide 6 (3.9)
Deltamethrin Pyrethroid Insecticide 4 (2.6)
Profenofos Organophosphate Insecticide 4 (2.6)
Cypermethrin Pyretroid Insecticide 4 (2.6)
Chlorantraniliprole Diamide Insecticide 3 (2.0)
Acephate Organophosphate Insecticide 2 (1.3)
Dimehypo Thiosultap Insecticide 1 (0.7)
Chlorothalonil Chloronitriles Fungicide 1 (0.7)
Mefenoxam Phenylamides Fungicide 1 (0.7)
Pyraclostrobin Carbamate Fungicide 1 (0.7)
Phoxim Organophosphate Insecticide 1 (0.7)
Methoxyfenozideb Benzohydrazide Insecticide 1 (0.7)
Spinetoramb Spinosyn Insecticide 1 (0.7)
  1. *p = 0.01 by chi-square, indicates lower proportion of users in high cumulative exposure group
  2. a Product contains a mixture of Lufenuron + Emamectin
  3. b Product contains a mixture of Methoxyfenozide + Spinetoram