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Table 3 Association of modern contraceptive use with the selected characteristics

From: Multilevel mixed effects analysis of individual and community level factors associated with modern contraceptive use among married women in Uganda

Characteristic OR(95% CI)
Woman’s age 1.02(1.02–1.03)**
 15–24a 1.00
 25–34 1.50(1.31–1.71)**
 35–49 1.61(1.41–1.81)**
Religion
 Catholica 1.00
 Anglican 1.18(1.06–1.33)**
 Muslim 0.94(0.80–1.10)
 Other 0.93(0.81–1.08)
Level of educational attainment
 No educationa 1.00
 Primary 1.54(1.32–1.81)**
 Secondary/Higher 1.85(1.55–2.20)**
Wealth index
 Poora 1.00
 Middle 1.48(1.30–1.69)**
 Rich 1.78(1.58–2.00)**
Working status
 Not workinga 1.00
 currently working 1.27(1.13–1.43)**
Spousal age difference
 0–4a 1.00
 5–9 1.15(1.04–1.28)**
  ≥ 10 0.95(0.84–1.07)
Age at first birth 0.96(0.94–0.97)**
  < 20a 1.00
  ≥ 20 0.75(0.68–0.83)**
Parity
 0–2a 1.00
 3–5 1.48(1.32–1.65)**
 6+ 1.42(1.26–1.60)**
Woman’s empowerment
 Noa 1.00
 Yes 1.02(0.91–1.15)
Media exposure to family planning messages
 Noa 1.00
 Yes 1.25(1.13–1.38)**
Place of residence
 Urbana 1.00
 Rural 0.73(0.62–0.85)**
Region
 Centrala 1.00
 Eastern 0.77(0.64–0.92)**
 Western 0.85(0.71–1.02)
 Northern 0.50(0.41–0.61)**
Distance to health facility
 Big problema 1.00
 Not a big problem 1.26(1.14–1.39)**
Community education
 Lowa 1.00
 High 1.78(1.56–2.02)**
Community poverty
 Lowa 1.00
 High 0.54(0.47–0.61)**
Community exposure to family planning messages
 Lowa 1.00
 High 1.54(1.35–1.76)**
Community women working
 Lowa 1.00
 High 1.04(0.91–1.19)
Community mean age at first marriage 1.01(0.97–1.05)
Community mean age at sexual debut 0.97(0.92–1.03)
  1. a is a Reference category; OR is the unadjusted odds ratio; 95% CI is the Confidence Interval; *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01; the assessment was based on bivariate-multilevel logistic regression model with  χ2 < 0.001