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Table 1 Characteristics of mental health symptoms among HIV+ patients in Tanzania

From: Mental health symptoms and inflammatory markers among HIV infected patients in Tanzania

Characteristic Male % (n) Female % (n) p value Has Mental Health Symptoms No Mental Health Symptoms p value
Total 24.3 (99) 75.7 (308)   42.0 (169) 58.0 (233) 0.037
Age Categories 0.085
 18–24 Yrs 4.0 (4) 1.0 (3)   1.2 (2) 2.1 (5)  
 25–34 Yrs 7.1 (7) 6.2 (19)   3.0 (5) 9.0 (21)  
 35–44 Yrs 21.2 (21) 33.1 (102)   31.4 (53) 29.6 (69)  
 55 + Yrs 67.7 (67) 59.7 (184)   64.5 (109) 59.2 (138)  
Age 0.180    0.870
 Median (IQR) 48.0. (43–54) 46.0 (42–52)   47.0 (42–53) 46.0 (41–52)  
BMI Categories (n = 405) < 0.001    0.629
 Underweight 4.1 (4) 8.5 (26)   8.3 (14) 6.5 (15)  
 Normal 69.4 (68) 45.3 (139)   53.0 (89) 50.0 (116)  
 Overweight 21.4 (21) 27.7 (85)   25.6 (43) 26.3 (61)  
 Obesity 5.1 (5) 18.6 (57)   13.1 (22) 17.2 (40)  
Waist to Hip ratio indicator < 0.001    0.099
 Abnormal 16.3 (16) 97.1 (298)   81.5 (137) 74.6 (173)  
 Normal 83.7 (82) 2.9 (9)   18.5 (31) 25.4 (59)  
Years spent at school < 0.001    0.200
 Median (IQR) 7.0 (7–11) 7.0 (7–7)   7.0 (7–7) 7.0 (7–9)  
Ever consumed any alcohol (n = 405) 0.286    0.264
 Yes 62.6 (62) 56.5 (173)   54.8 (92) 60.3 (140)  
 No 37.4 (37) 43.5 (133)   45.2 (76) 39.7 (92)  
Consumed alcohol within 12 months? (n = 234) 0.001    0.340
 Yes 35.5 (22) 15.7 (27)   23.9 (22) 18.7 (26)  
 No 64.5 (40) 84.3 (145)   76.1 (70) 81.3 (113)  
Alcohol frequency within 12 months (n = 49) 0.820    0.525
 Daily 4.5 (1) 0 (0)   0.0 (0) 3.8 (1)  
 5–6 days per week 4.5 (1) 3.7 (1)   9.1 (2) 0.0. (0)  
 3–4 days per week 4.5 (1) 7.4 (2)   4.5 (1) 7.7 (2)  
 1–2 days per week 27.3 (6) 29.6 (8)   22.7 (5) 34.6 (9)  
 1–3 days per month 27.3 (6) 37 (10)   36.4 (8) 30.8 (8)  
 Less than once a month 31.8 (7) 22.2 (6)   27.3 (6) 23.1 (6)  
Consumed alcohol within 30 days? (n = 235) 0.050    0.543
 Yes 19.4 (12) 9.8 (17)   14.1 (13) 11.4 (16)  
 No 80.6 (50) 90.2 (156)   85.9 (79) 88.6 (124)