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Table 1 Characteristics of mental health symptoms among HIV+ patients in Tanzania

From: Mental health symptoms and inflammatory markers among HIV infected patients in Tanzania

Characteristic

Male % (n)

Female % (n)

p value

Has Mental Health Symptoms

No Mental Health Symptoms

p value

Total

24.3 (99)

75.7 (308)

 

42.0 (169)

58.0 (233)

0.037

Age Categories

0.085

 18–24 Yrs

4.0 (4)

1.0 (3)

 

1.2 (2)

2.1 (5)

 

 25–34 Yrs

7.1 (7)

6.2 (19)

 

3.0 (5)

9.0 (21)

 

 35–44 Yrs

21.2 (21)

33.1 (102)

 

31.4 (53)

29.6 (69)

 

 55 + Yrs

67.7 (67)

59.7 (184)

 

64.5 (109)

59.2 (138)

 

Age

0.180

  

0.870

 Median (IQR)

48.0. (43–54)

46.0 (42–52)

 

47.0 (42–53)

46.0 (41–52)

 

BMI Categories (n = 405)

< 0.001

  

0.629

 Underweight

4.1 (4)

8.5 (26)

 

8.3 (14)

6.5 (15)

 

 Normal

69.4 (68)

45.3 (139)

 

53.0 (89)

50.0 (116)

 

 Overweight

21.4 (21)

27.7 (85)

 

25.6 (43)

26.3 (61)

 

 Obesity

5.1 (5)

18.6 (57)

 

13.1 (22)

17.2 (40)

 

Waist to Hip ratio indicator

< 0.001

  

0.099

 Abnormal

16.3 (16)

97.1 (298)

 

81.5 (137)

74.6 (173)

 

 Normal

83.7 (82)

2.9 (9)

 

18.5 (31)

25.4 (59)

 

Years spent at school

< 0.001

  

0.200

 Median (IQR)

7.0 (7–11)

7.0 (7–7)

 

7.0 (7–7)

7.0 (7–9)

 

Ever consumed any alcohol (n = 405)

0.286

  

0.264

 Yes

62.6 (62)

56.5 (173)

 

54.8 (92)

60.3 (140)

 

 No

37.4 (37)

43.5 (133)

 

45.2 (76)

39.7 (92)

 

Consumed alcohol within 12 months? (n = 234)

0.001

  

0.340

 Yes

35.5 (22)

15.7 (27)

 

23.9 (22)

18.7 (26)

 

 No

64.5 (40)

84.3 (145)

 

76.1 (70)

81.3 (113)

 

Alcohol frequency within 12 months (n = 49)

0.820

  

0.525

 Daily

4.5 (1)

0 (0)

 

0.0 (0)

3.8 (1)

 

 5–6 days per week

4.5 (1)

3.7 (1)

 

9.1 (2)

0.0. (0)

 

 3–4 days per week

4.5 (1)

7.4 (2)

 

4.5 (1)

7.7 (2)

 

 1–2 days per week

27.3 (6)

29.6 (8)

 

22.7 (5)

34.6 (9)

 

 1–3 days per month

27.3 (6)

37 (10)

 

36.4 (8)

30.8 (8)

 

 Less than once a month

31.8 (7)

22.2 (6)

 

27.3 (6)

23.1 (6)

 

Consumed alcohol within 30 days? (n = 235)

0.050

  

0.543

 Yes

19.4 (12)

9.8 (17)

 

14.1 (13)

11.4 (16)

 

 No

80.6 (50)

90.2 (156)

 

85.9 (79)

88.6 (124)