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Table 5 Individual question responses and cumulative knowledge and attitude scores from the KAP survey

From: Feasibility of and barriers to thalassemia screening in migrant populations: a cross-sectional study of Myanmar and Cambodian migrants in Thailand

  Thai Migrant
(N = 155) (N = 11)
Knowledge Questions (% Correct)
 1. Thalassemia is blood disease. 94.8% 72.7%
 2. Thalassemia is cause of anemia. 87.7% 81.8%
 3. Thalassemia is rare in Asia. 72.3% 27.3%
 4. Thalassemia is infectious disease. 67.1% 54.6%
 5. Thalassemia is inherited disease. 91.0% 72.7%
 6. Normal parents can have affected child. 25.8% 9.1%
 7. Carrier parents at risk for affected pregnancy. 70.3% 63.6%
 8. Blood test can be done. 97.4% 100.0%
 9. Thalassemia carrier requires transfusions. 42.6% 36.4%
 10. Thalassemia major requires transfusions. 86.5% 90.9%
 11. A carrier can develop thalassemia major. 45.8% 9.1%
 12. Can cure thalassemia with pill. 60.7% 45.5%
Median Knowledge Score (IQR) a 8 (7–10) 7 (6–8)
Attitude Questions (Median, IQR)
 13. Thalassemia should be prevented. 4 (4–5) 5 (5–5)
 14. Child with thalassemia is burden. 3 (2–4) 4 (2–5)
 15. Child with thalassemia is blessing. 1 (1–2) 1 (1–2)
 16. Want to know if having baby affected. 4 (4–5) 5 (4–5)
 17. Would get tested during pregnancy. 5 (4–5) 5 (5–5)
 18. Want partner tested during pregnancy. 5 (4–5) 5 (3–5)
 19. Have children with partner if both carriers. 3 (2–4) 1 (1–3)
 20. Would not want to know if baby affected. 2 (1–4) 1 (1–1)
 21. Testing during pregnancy not useful. 3 (1–4) 1 (1–5)
 22. Not have children with partner if both carriers. 3 (2–5) 1 (1–5)
 23. Would end pregnancy for thalassemia. 3 (2–4) 2 (1–5)
 24. Disagree with ending pregnancy. 4 (3–4) 5 (4–5)
 25. Would not prevent birth of affected baby. 3 (3–4) 5 (1–5)
 26. Better to end pregnancy than let child suffer. 4 (3–4) 3 (1–5)
Median Attitude Score (IQR) b 3.4 (3.2–3.8) 3.7 (3.3–3.9)
Practice Questions (N, %)
 27. Subject tested for thalassemia. 72 (46.8) 3 (27.3)
 28. Partner tested for thalassemia. 59 (38.3) 1 (9.1)
 29. Had prenatal diagnosis (PND). 53 (68.0) 2 (66.7)
 30. PND showed affected baby. 4 (7.6) 1 (50.0)
 31. Plan to have more children. 94 (62.7) 8 (72.7)
  1. a The Knowledge Score was defined as the number of correctly answered knowledge questions (out of 12 possible points). The median Knowledge Score was higher in Thai vs migrant subjects (p = 0.002)
  2. b The Attitude Score was defined as the mean value of 14 attitude questions scored according to the Likert scale (Strongly agree = 5 points, Agree = 4, Unsure = 3, Disagree = 2, and Strongly disagree = 1), with inverse questions scored in reverse. There was no statistical difference between median Attitude Scores among Thai vs migrant subjects (p = 0.21)