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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of the included SSBs models: inputs, results, subgroups, and interventions

From: Sugar sweetened beverages attributable disease burden and the potential impact of policy interventions: a systematic review of epidemiological and decision models

Model Descriptive variables Frequency (N = 40 studies) %
Inputs Incidence N = 21 52.5%
Vital statistics N = 27 67.5%
Longitudinal data N = 9 22.5%
Population survey N = 37 87.5%
Demand elasticity N = 11 27.5%
Results Obesity/Overweight N = 36 90.0%
Diabetes N = 29 72.5%
Cardiovascular disease N = 31 77.5%
Cancer N = 13 32.5%
Cavities N = 2 5.0%
Osteoarthritis N = 2 5.0%
Incidence N = 3 7.5%
Prevalence N = 6 15.0%
Mortality N = 21 52.5%
Life years N = 11 27.5%
DALYs/QALYs N = 16 40.0%
Direct costs N = 23 57.5%
Indirect costs N = 6 15.0%
Cost-effectiveness N = 7 17.5%
Variation in consumption N = 34 85.0%
SSBs sales N = 7 17.5%
Tax collection N = 7 17.5%
Equity N = 13 32.5%
Subgroups Children/teenage N = 16 40.0%
Gender N = 22 55.0%
Income level N = 12 30.0%
Vulnerable groups N = 10 25.0%
Interventions evaluated Taxes N = 30 75.0%
School environment N = 5 12.5%
Advertising N = 4 10.0%
Labelling N = 2 5.0%
Subsidies N = 2 5.0%
  1. SSBs sugar sweetened beverages. Demand elasticity is an economic measure of the sensitivity of demand of SSBs relative to a change in another variable, usually the price. Vulnerable groups: ethnicity, rural status, literacy, education level or participants of a nutritional assistance program