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Table 4 Relationship between business TWH profiles and employee safety and health behaviors (n = 2868)

From: Profiles of total worker health® in United States small businesses

  Linear regression Adjusted average behavior score by profile
coefficient (95% CI) M (95% CI)
  Profile 1: Beginner (ref) Profile 2: Business strategy-focus Profile 3: Culture- focus Profile 4: Advanced Profile 1: Beginner Profile 2: Business strategy-focus Profile 3: Culture-focus Profile 4: Advanced
Safety behaviors 1.00 (ref) 0.12 (−0.01, 0.24)* 0.24 (0.10, 0.37)*** 0.22 (0.04, 0.40)** 3.70 (3.61, 3.79) 3.82 (3.73, 3.90) 3.94 (3.83, 4.04) 3.92 (3.76, 4.08)
Health behaviors 1.00 (ref) 0.21 (0.08, 0.35)*** 0.33 (0.18, 0.47)*** 0.44 (0.24, 0.63)*** 3.34 (3.25, 3.46) 3.56 (3.46, 3.65) 3.67 (3.56, 3.78) 3.77 (3.16, 3.95)
  1. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.10
  2. The linear regression models controlled for industry, number of employees, whether they were in a management role, tenure, age, and gender. The models also included a random intercept for businesses to account for variability in the outcome by business. The sample size for the safety behaviors model was 2213 and for the health behaviors it was 2215