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Table 5 Association between late commencement of HIV treatment and HIV and other related characteristics

From: Frequency and reasons for delayed treatment initiation after HIV diagnosis: cross-sectional study in Lahore, Pakistan

Variables Initiation of HIV treatment Total
n (%)
χ2-value p-value
Delayed (n = 101) Early
(n = 254)
% %
Initial CD4 count (cells/mm3)
  < 200 19.8 33.5 105 (29.6) 6.652 0.036
 200–349 25.7 19.6 76 (21.4)   
  > 349 54.5 46.9 174 (49.0)   
Reason for HIV testing
 Appearance of symptoms 38.6 46.5 157 (44.2) 6.012 0.198
 HIV positive partner 19.8 20.1 71 (20.0)   
 Routine test 31.7 20.0 83 (23.4)   
 Pregnancy 4.0 6.3 20 (5.7)   
 Just wanted to know 5.9 7.1 24 (6.8)   
Risk factor for HIV transmission
 Heterosexual 28.7 36.6 122 (34.4) 7.382 0.061
 Homosexual 15.8 18.9 64 (18.0)   
 IDU 44.6 29.5 120 (33.8)   
 Other 10.9 15.0 49 (13.8)   
Physical disability
 No 82.2 82.7 293 (82.5) 0.286 0.958
 Pre-HIV 2.0 2.3 8 (2.3)   
 Post-HIV 15.8 15.0 54 (15.2)   
Any associated chronic disease
 Tuberculosis 14.9 15.7 55 (15.5) 8.209 0.145
 Diabetes 3.0 2.0 8 (2.3)   
 Hypertension 1.0 1.2 4 (1.1)   
 Hepatitis B 5.0 0.8 7 (2.0)   
 Hepatitis C 26.7 22.4 84 (23.7)   
 None 49.4 57.9 197 (55.5)