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Table 4 Association between late commencement of HIV treatment and socio-demographic factors

From: Frequency and reasons for delayed treatment initiation after HIV diagnosis: cross-sectional study in Lahore, Pakistan

Variables Initiation of HIV treatment Total n (%) χ2-value P-value
Delayed (n = 101) Early (n = 254)
% %
Age (in years)
 18–29 48.5 44.5 162 (45.6) 2.627 0.269
 30–39 28.7 37.4 124 (34.9)   
 40 and above 22.8 18.1 69 (19.5)   
Gender
 Male 73.3 73.6 261 (73.6) 8.622 0.013
 Female 15.8 22.8 74 (20.8)   
 Transgender 10.9 3.6 20 (5.6)   
Religion
 Muslim 94.1 96.1 339 (95.5) 0.674 0.412
 Christian 5.9 3.9 16 (4.5)   
District
 Lahore 39.6 49.6 166 (46.8) 2.904 0.088
 Other 60.4 50.4 189 (53.2)   
Place of residence
 Urban 73.3 84.6 289 (81.4) 6.182 0.013
 Rural 26.7 15.4 66 (18.6)   
Marital status
 Unmarried 32.7 33.9 119 (33.5) 0.269 0.992
 Married 61.3 59.8 214 (60.3)   
 Separated 1.0 1.6 5 (1.4)   
 Divorced 1.0 0.8 3 (0.8)   
 Widowed 4.0 3.9 14 (3.9)   
Educational level
 No schooling 47.5 26.4 115 (32.4) 20.580 < 0.001
 Primary 25.7 22.0 82 (23.1)   
 Secondary 17.8 31.9 99 (27.9)   
 College 5.9 13.0 39 (11.0)   
 University 3.1 6.7 20 (5.6)   
Employment status
 Employed 42.6 58.3 191 (53.8) 7.161 0.007
 Unemployed 57.4 41.7 164 (46.2)   
Type of household income
 Permanent income 45.5 65.0 211 (59.4) 11.300 0.001
 Occasional income 54.5 35.0 144 (40.6)